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 Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)

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eyesee

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PostSubject: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Mon Jan 25, 2010 8:47 am

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words)
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♥ilyn_mapalo♥

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 8:19 am

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words)

Idea Today, in a world where change is the constant, you just can’t believe your eyes. As a result,the true of power of existing technologies can only be understood as part of the remarkable compression of computational speed and power that has occurred over the course of the past 50 years through the present to startling implications for tomorrow. Technology isn’t just changing, there seems to be an ever accelerating rate of change. Things are changing so quickly that it’s almost impossible to keep up with all of the developments. And it’s even harder to grasp the significance of this exponential growth in the speed and power of electronic devices. More and more colleges and universities have begun to embrace technology and incorporate it into the classroom. From class scheduling to homework assignment submission, new technology is changing the way that schools handle most traditional aspects of the educational experience. At the most basic level, more teachers are embracing new tools, whether it’s an e-book lecture for their courses. Even more so, students are using these tools to thrive in their educational environment. The development of technology is really increasing as the days pass by. New discoveries, inventories and of course new technology are coming and approaching. It is like a population in which everyday the number of people are multiplying due to new born babies. Information technology plays a big role in the IT industry. It is the heart of the company. Why? Its because without the system in it, there's no company at all. Its system gives the company the way it is to be done and gives a certain company and organization the simple way to the complicated things to do. And also it makes all the processes and transactions to be made easy, reliable and relevant. I did say it that way because I am one of the witnesses about the changes today. I know that we are all witness to that every change made and brought by the technology in our lives. Everyone can determine the difference before and now. Almost were automated. And that's why a name called “resistance” is present always if ever there's a change even in a little and big thing.

Idea New technologies have been a challenge to the existing mindset. This is because technology fundamentally changes the way things have been done – in many cases, the way things have been done for years even decades or centuries. And as this happens, the changes tend to challenge our mindsets as they push us out of our comfort zones. As a result, it’s often difficult to grasp the significance of any one development in isolation because the changes they
bring may force us to confront the very essence of our human nature. You see, at what point do we “Never!” “This will never happen in my life” – for often this is not you but your paradigm speaking.

Idea As what I have said, the world today is full of new discoveries, inventories and surprising events in which in all cases gives impacts to the people living in this era. IT Industry has been and still is and will remain as one of the fastest growing industries. IT field is the one of the few “most jobs to be created during the next 10 years” fields. Business organization cannot function without its IT in place. Banks, Retail, Insurance, Manufacturing, Hospitals, Governments, Universities, etc. Every company has an IT department. Business organization considers IT as their strategic strength. IT industry is the most dynamic industry. Largest percentage of innovation. IT Industry is the only one where many Fortune 500 companies are founded during the past 10 years like Google, Face book, eBay. IT industry is the only one where you can be incredibly successful yet starting from a garage. You cannot build an automobile company from a garage.

Idea University is one of the things that are affected by the changes brought by technology. And by that it is making all the possibilities and trying to make a move in order to adapt always to the changes. USEP have IC department that offers BSIT and BSCS courses. BSIT and BSCS students have something to do in our world today because this two (2) courses covers about technology. According to wiki, technology deals with human as well as other animal species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its natural environment.

Idea For me, one of the changes that have substantial impact in school services is the deploying of INIISYS. As what we all know, UNIISYS is the system developed by the graduate students of batch 2010 which gives a really big impact to all especially to the university. This system is a big system which consists of ten (10) subsystems. Namely, Agila, eGayd, eBenta, eDikit, ePahibalo, eHatag, eSkular, ebTudlo, eSkedyul, and Alumnay. To understand what are the functions of each subsystems, let us try to define and know more each of this subsystems. First in the list is the Agila. You might be asking to yourself and wonder why Agila? Are the developers made a system about agila? The answer is NO. At first time I heard the title Agila, I also thought it that way. And I came to know the definition of it and its function when they start to explain about their systems. Agila is a Davao Geographical Information System. Meaning, it shows all familiar places here in Davao City. Second is the eGayd which is the university map in school. This helps the students, not only the students but also freshman especially visitors who will be entering the University school. It helps them know all the departments in the building where they are located. It will be very useful in a way it guide you where you want to go because this kind of subsystem have all the information you want to know about each buildings in the institution. Another subsystem is the eBenta. From the word itself, we can say that this certain kind of subsystem is for something like the act of bidding . eDikit, is also one of the subsystem that they made. It is a free online publication of creative and literary works. Another one is the ePahibalo, an electronic bulletin board. eHatag is the title they give to the one of the subsystem which is for file-sharing system. Also we have eSkular, a scholarship renewal system. Next one is the eTudlo which is an online tutorial-seeking system. This will be helpful to all the students who find difficulties in their subjects that needs to be guided more and explain more to understanding such kind of problems. eSkedyul is a schedule organizer for faculty and students in which it helps in aiding such conflicts between students and teachers that need to be verified just like for example about their schedule time. Last one is the Alumnay, a community for USEP graduates. /From UNIISYS itself, it gives something really significant especially to the developers that enable them to share what they have learned from their Alma matter. This can give also to the university itself a great work that can be proud of as part of the technology trends.

Idea Another thing that can have substantial impact in school services to the university is the automation of borrowing books. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology is proven to be a promising alternative in relieving the library staff from time-consuming routines. What is meant by RFID? According to Wikipedia, Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is the use of an object (typically referred to as an RFID tag) applied to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification and tracking using radio waves. Some tags can be read from several meters away and beyond the line of sight of the reader. Radio-frequency identification comprises interrogators (also known as readers), and tags (also known as labels). Most RFID tags contain at least two parts. One is an integrated circuit for storing and processing information, modulating and demodulating a radio-frequency (RF) signal, and other specialized functions. The second is an antenna for receiving and transmitting the signal. There are generally three types of RFID tags: active RFID tags, which contain a battery and can transmit signals autonomously, passive RFID tags, which have no battery and require an external source to provoke signal transmission, and battery assisted passive (BAP) RFID tags, which require an external source to wake up but have significant higher forward link capability providing greater range.RFID is an innovative automated library system for automatic identification and tracking of library material. An automated library with the support of RFID technology would be a Book smart library and a self service station that insists least intervention by library personnel. RFID technology is helpful in taking inventory. Finding missing items and identifying misfiled items. Tags or transponders, the vital components of RFID, are the electronic chips consisting of an integrated circuit and antenna coil that communicate with a reader by means of radio frequency signal. Since RFID does not require line of sight between the transponder and the reader, it surmounts the limitations of other automatic identification devices such as bar coding. The automation of libraries and information centers that was centered around the use of computers just like for example in the place of India. It is for housekeeping operations and information services by individual libraries. There will be many factors responsible in the automation of libraries. Information explosion increased user’s demand, labour intensive nature of work, changing concepts of documents. Application of modern management techniques reduced response time and need for resource sharing are important elements With the tremendous capabilities of computer, libraries started using computers for the in-house operations. Emerging technologies that relieve the personnel from time consuming library operations, have always been of interest to libraries. When libraries of all kinds be in public, academic, special are facing budget crunches, considering new technologies as the potential alternatives for cost saving and hassle free management of library operations is imperative. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) system is such a promising alternative that aid in the efficient flow of library material. Currently, RFID applications range from book tracking and stock management, to theft detection and automatic book sorting. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is a dynamic link between people, objects and processes and in the near future it plays a prime role in data collection, identification as well as analysis necessary for specific library operations. Efforts are being made to introduce self-service check-in and check-out that avoid the long delay in the delivery of library material and also for achieving better efficiency in operations. RFID is used in libraries primarily to automate the book handling process including checkout, inventory control, check-in and anti theft. When combined with computer assisted sorting equipment, RFID facilitates and speeds up even book sorting. Automating the library material handling process allows librarians to spend more time with the clientele, thus, increasing the user satisfaction. One of the major benefits of an RFID system in a library is the ease of check-in and checkout of library items. In a library, an RFID system consists of a smart label, a reader or hardware for interrogating the smart label and a software for controlling the hardware and decoding the responses from smart labels. RFID was introduced in the early 1980s for item tracking and access control applications. Tracking of materials is done using radio frequency based technology combined with microchip technology, hence designated as RFID. These contact less and wireless automatic identification data capturing systems are highly effective in hostile environments such as industry and logistics, textile and libraries, where barcode labels cannot survive and need for inventory control and waste management. Owing to its ability to track moving objects RFID has been established itself in livestock identification and automated vehicle identification systems. In recent times, its use has raised to track books, audio/video tapes and other multimedia collection in a library. After realizing the advantages of RFID technology, libraries are considering it, the more productive tool for flow management sooner than barcodes and other identification technologies. RFID is a technology that is sparking interest in the library community because of its applications that promise to increase efficiency, productivity and enhance user satisfaction. Globally emerging knowledge based societies of the twenty-first century will need information to sustain their growth and prosperity. With intellectual capital as investments, knowledge and information have become wealth generators. A library stacked with books and other information dissemination processes, has a physical presence. A library is an institution of knowledge acquisition and learning it provides invaluable service to its members. Current library management systems use barcode technology and RFID also. The library has dual systems barcode as well as RFID. Using barcodes, a library management system can keep records of lending, borrowing and shelving status of items such as books, audio or video tapes, CDs, DVDs, etc. Security strips on library items tag their movements. But barcodes and security strips which are the electronic article surveillance or EAS have their limitations. They are slow to read and are prone o sabotaging by thieves. All this lead to irreparable loss to a library and its valuable inventory stock. This is where RFID technology can come to the aid of library managers and users. It is expected that by adopting an RFID solution for University of Southeastern Philippines will be able to control misuse of its library and at the same time provide its users the best possible facilities access to rare manuscripts. This is from the manual system to electronic. By this, transactions are made easier and faster which gives students benefits and hassle free. It also gives students satisfaction in a way that they don’t have to waste their time to just fill-up lots of paper so that they can borrow books. Automation of book borrowing gives substantial impact since it is one of the schools services that need to be in accordance to what the students’ needs and wants without any wasting of time and etc. By this automated book borrowing, the university will also be proud of since IC students will be the one to make it. It also gives a good feeling because this will be one of the results of studying in the university. It shows that the university is slowly coping with all the technology development that is going through these days. Since the technology is fast changing.

Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio-frequency_identification

Idea Another one will be IT for Green. Some activities connected to IT harm the planet and the people on it in other ways as well. Certain manufacturing processes pollute the air, the soil and the water and deplete non-renewable resources. Such actions bring short-term benefits but they’re unsustainable over a longer timescale. Environmental sustainability or "green" initiatives are being adopted by businesses, schools, and government entities. Recycling and reuse programs, power reduction efforts, and changes in consumer purchases are increasing in popularity. IT can enable many green initiatives. Common green initiatives include the use of e-documents, reducing travel and teleworking. IT can also provide the analytic tools that others in the enterprise may use to reduce energy consumption in the transportation of goods or other carbon management activities. Information technology is a central focus of the environmental sustainability movement, since many green initiatives target power and cooling usage. Green IT programs include goals such as switching to computers that use less power, employing efficient power management techniques, printing less, and using more centralized IT services. Technology is the artificial enhancement of human power. It should make us stronger and smarter; however our demented community is discovering that it now has the opposite effect. Nuclear power has terrified and paralyzed its creators, while the improved cleverness and flexibility of our machines have caused social chaos and economic stagnation. Even the administration of our society is being taken over by clever machines. All large corporations are really computerized systems. The company officials the public sees are just the servants of these entities. From when the public initiate business, to when they pay the final bill, despite the human face presented to them, the affair is primarily conducted by an electronic brain. The communications they receive are generated automatically. The cheques, invoices and reminders are sent without anyone in the business being aware of the transaction. It often only receives human consideration in exceptional circumstances, such as when the bill has not been paid within ninety days. Then the machine will instruct an officer to take action. Technology is well-established. From car remotes to medical procedures, technology is part of our lives. Each day, new technological ideas or products are introduced. Because technology is so prevalent in the modern world, it is worth exploring what effects modern technology has on us. The effects of technology can be both positive and negative. Technology has given us nearly instant communication. In addition, more people are able to view information and products than ever before. The increase in communicative ability and access to data is beneficial in that it creates a certain level of accountability. For instance, members of the media are under more pressure to report accurately, since the data they report is seen by potentially millions of people worldwide. Better technology in many instances has led to better travel. Planes fly more efficiently to more places than ever before, for example. The benefit is that it is very easy to transport both people and goods from place to place. The resulting global economy keeps prices low. People do not need to work or live only in their native area. However, better travel also means that people are more likely to spread disease from place to place, and a global economy means that some inferior or unsafe products may be widely distributed.


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Jethro Alburo Querubin

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PostSubject: 3 things to change   Fri Feb 12, 2010 10:59 am

1. Enrolment Process

As of now, the enrolment system and process of the university is still unorganized. Though there were changes made, still cannot be considered as the best or a strategic way of catering the students, especially the incoming first years. Enrolment process should be one of the most organized processes in the school because it motivates the students specifically first year students to enroll and encourage their friends to enroll too in our university. I think the reason why are still have this kind of process is because of the mindset that “kung unsay na-andan, mao nay ipadayon”. Thus, keeps the whole process on improving the thing that needs to be improved. We need to change. If not, then, we will never change at all. As one author says, “change is the only constant in this world”.

Well, if I have that crystal ball, I would change the whole process of our enrolment. It may have the risk on having a year of losses but when it is finished, it will give more return of investments.

2. Dissemination of Information
Using my crystal ball, one of the things that I want to change is the process on disseminating information especially announcement for a sudden changes of the schedule or anything during school days. One of the problems is that, the student may not be informed immediately of whatever has change specifically on their schedules on that day. An example of this is during holidays. The students don’t have any idea if there’s really a class on that day or not because of national changes on holidays which lead to students coming to school yet classes was cancelled. It affects the economic aspect of the students considering that they enrolled in a ‘state u’ so they can minimized their expenses but because of improper or lacking of information, another expenses were added to them. Another problem is that bulletin boards are not updated and there are no restrictions on who, what and when to put announcements or information on those bulletins. Thus, students are tempted to vandalism on different information posted on bulletin boards.

Within the span of three years, mobile application will substitute bulletin board in disseminating announcements as a solution to lack of information to students. Relaying the message through mobiles will help inform everybody on what are the latest updates of all announcements in the university. Economically, it helps lessen the expenses of the students and the rest of the people involve faculty, staff and etc.


3. IT Infrastructural change

If I have that crystal ball, I want to make changes on the information technology infrastructure of the University for a better service on students. We do have a centralize container on all records and information of all the students, faculty and staff but the physical process on getting those information is redundant.

In today’s complex business environment, new opportunities constantly emerge, which can challenge a company’s ability to quickly and successfully respond. These new opportunities often stem from a company’s ability to “connect with and know” their customers, suppliers and partners in order to be successful in the world of e-business. Driving these opportunities may be changing technology or market, social and legislative issues. Too often companies may want to capitalize on these new opportunities but are delayed or even prohibited by the changes required to their information technology (IT) systems. No CEO wants to hear that the company’s information technology systems and networks are so complex that making changes to foster customer service, enable a new sales channel or improve supply chain dynamics is an extremely costly and lengthy process. Or even worse, that after these changes are made, the IT infrastructure is unable to meet the new capacity, performance and availability demands. To be successful today, you must be able to respond rapidly to changing conditions, and this means that your IT infrastructure is key. No longer do you have the luxury of implementing changes to your infrastructure after a new initiative is clearly defined. Instead, you must ensure that your current IT infrastructure is flexible and ready for future needs. You cannot have your business stymied by an oppressive IT environment that is a hindrance to success. Instead, you must be able to implement new business functions or change existing ones as quickly and painlessly as possible.

Need for change in your IT infrastructure
Companies earnings outstrip forecasts, consumer confidence is retuning and city bonuses are back. What does this mean for business? Growth! After the recent years of cost cutting in IT budgets, there is the sudden fear induced from increased demand. Pre-existing trouble points in IT infrastructures that have lain dormant will suddenly be exposed. Monthly reporting and real time analytics will suffer as data grows. IT departments across the land will be crying out “The engine canna take no more captain”. What can be done?
What we need is a scalable system that grows with the business. A system that can handle sudden increases in data growth without falling over. There are two core principles to a scalable system (1) Users experience constant QoS as demand grows (2) System Architects can grow system capacity proportionally with the available resources. In other words, if demand increases twofold, it is “enough” to purchase twice the hardware.
This is linear growth. Is it enough to satisfy CEOs IT demands? Generally, the achievement of linear growth is favorable. In computational science, software problems are characterized by their complexity denoted as O(n). Trivial problems to solve are O(n). An example, is the simple summing of employee salaries. With increasing problem complexity we can observe O(n2), O(n3), or O(2(n)). How does this relate to ensuring I get the same performance as my data grows? Well, an O(n3) problem means that if the number of database records grows 3x, the amount of hardware needs to grow 27x to maintain QoS.
Computational complexity can be minimized using code level techniques, especially if the code is badly written. However, the fact is that with certain problems, their complexity will never be lowered. For instance, NP-complete problems require non polynomial computation time. In other words, only small datasets can be processed due to their massive computation times - optimization of cargo storage is one such example.
However, if badly implemented, the simple summing of employee salaries can become NP-complete! What can be learnt? Consider your-self lucky if the problem grows linearly.
So, are we cursed to buying X times hardware each time our domain grows X items? No. Polynomials have many parameters (y=a+ b*x + c * x*x…). “a” indicates the starting barrier. “b, c” indicate the steepness of the curve. For small sets, it is possible that the problem of a cubic complexity grows slower than linear. For large sets, it is impossible.
Need for change
The spiraling growth in data can be anticipated and planned for. The need can be predicted based on (1) past experience, (2) known amount of data, eg by market impact, (3) complexity calculations. Take Facebook, which has 850 million photos and 7 million videos that need storing per month. To cope with exponential data increase, expenditure on its data centers has risen from $30 million, 2007 to $100 billion, 2009.
Facebook's rapid expansion was only achieved with a clear and forward thinking IT strategy. Successful IT planning needs (1) responsible people (2) brave decision makers. A culture of responsibility needs to be instilled within businesses. Underlying problems of the IT infrastructure must not be hidden from upper management. Decision makers need to know about problems. Only then, can pro-active decisions be made that guarantee an agile response to growth. IT cannot be allowed to block business.
Often, warning signs are ignored and the need for change comes too late: “We need our new system tomorrow”. Tomorrows systems only add up to more steel. This is better known as “save your ass tactics” - a quick fix with poor ROI.


Reference:
http://www-935.ibm.com/services/in/igs/pdf/ebusinessinfra.pdf
http://bigdatamatters.com/bigdatamatters/2009/10/need-for-infrastructure-change.html
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rosemie nunez

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PostSubject: The next three years   Fri Feb 12, 2010 11:36 am

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years.

It is really true and undeniable that technology is increasing relentlessly as we speak. (I am writing this as if I am talking to the reader). Using my crystal ball I would identify the following as changes that would likely come to be and would have substantial impact on the school services:

Stand-alone System Versus Web Based System (WIFI Philippines)

As we can observe, WIFI connection is spreading like wild fire. Almost everywhere we go there is WIFI connection especially in restaurants and coffee shops. I am predicting that the whole Philippines would be a WIFI hotspot. Too bad the ZTE broadband plan of the Philippines was covered with controversy because as far as I know the plan includes making most of the Philippines a WIFI hotspot (Correct me if I am wrong). But with or without ZTE, I would predict that almost the whole Philippines would be WIFI connected. As a result of unlimited Internet access anywhere, I would also predict that Web Based Systems would overrun Stand-Alone Systems. Stand-alone system doesn’t need other system in able to function. An example of this is our university’s enrollment system. Although it is networked it still is a stand-alone system because data within the system stays inside the system. Stand-alone systems may use networked computers or computers that are totally isolated from other computer. Stand-alone systems are disadvantageous in terms of access because the user must be on the place where the system is to access the services of the system while Web Based Systems are accessible anywhere if there is Internet connection. Easy access to services offered by a system is one of the most important feature of a system thus making Web based systems advantageous.

Why do I believe that having Internet access anywhere is substantial to the university? It is simple. Imagine accessing a web based enrollment system that is kilometers away from you. This could be very convenient for the actual user of the system, the employees of the school and other users of the system. It is convenient for the actual user because it spares him of the hassle of going to school, the cost of traveling to school and it saves the precious time that we would dedicate if he goes to school to enroll. It is also convenient for the employees because it minimizes their workload and focus on more development for the school. It is also convenient to other users because a Web Based System would mean lesser people doing their transactions inside the school. Although developing a web based enrollment system is hard, the thought of convenience for all the involved would push system analyst to develop such system. There is a wide range of Web Based services that could be developed for the benefit of the university.

Finally I foresee that Web Based Systems would overrun Stand-Alone Systems if and only if there would be an unlimited access of Internet anywhere we may go in our country.


RFID as New Student’s ID

RFID or Radio Frequency Identification is currently being used around the world. Philippines tried to implement a system with Radio Frequency Identification as their tool but unfortunately it’s implementation is being suspended (As Far As I know ) because some motorist in our country are complaining on the extra cost of installing a RFID on their vehicle and some people are concerned of privacy issues. RFID works like an identification card where every RFID is distinct and unique from each other. A gadget is pointed towards the RFID sticker and then data would be retrieved from the said RFID stickers. This is a big help to the authorities as they can know the driver of the vehicle even though they are far away from the field.

So how does this technology be useful to our school? It is simple. Give RFID cards to students instead of the normal plastic cards. This may sound useless but think of the relief that it could give to the authorities of the school. The security of the school would be improved if this technology would be utilized by the university. How could I say that the security may improve? Imagine a gadget similar to a close circuit television camera that could read RFID would be installed on the gate for example and a live feed of the entrance of the gate is being displayed on the guards monitor. If you have an RFID card clipped on your uniform, a mark would be put onto you by the system saying that you are a student of the university and people without marks could be easily identified as outsiders. Breach of security on the university would be minimized. Another possible use of this technology is could be a database of information for a specific student. Flashing your card to a gadget would easily retrieve your unique information and perform processes that a system may provide. For example, instead of lining up on the student’s account section of the finance division and asking how much your balance is but instead you may just flash your card on the gadget and after that a slip would be printed with all your liabilities to the school. This process could really hasten the process as you don’t have to wait for the personnel to check, compute and write your liabilities. (This could take up time especially if there is a long queue).

I foresee that processes around the school would be hastened with the help of RFID. It may replace all Identification Card being used inside the school such as our school identification card, library card, scholarship card and other cards that are being used inside the university. RFID cards are useful because it could serve as your walking database of school information.

Much Cheaper Green Energy

Although green energy is been around for quite some time now such as solar energy, wind energy, hydroelectric energy and geothermal energy, it is still hard to attain this energy because of the cost of the machines that is used to harvest green energy. Solar panels are not that cheap and wind turbines needs large open space to fully function (I think wind velocity may be lower within a city because large and tall buildings are blocking the flow of the wind). I foresee that green energy would be focused as the new main source of energy and not only an alternative. In this context, development on how to attain much cheaper green energy would be pushed through.

Architecture of the machines that harvests green energy would be more advanced and solutions would be presented to attain a cheaper way of extracting green energy. I believe that green technology would have the greatest impact not only to our school but to the whole society as it improves the quality of life and the current state of our planet. I foresee that if cheaper ways of extracting green energy would be discovered, our country would greatly benefit from it.

Again, how could this technology could have a substantial impact on our school? Imagine if our university could supply its own electricity by using cheap solar panels and wind turbines with better architecture. Not only that our university could have lesser electrical expenses but the university could give its share on helping preserve our planet. Who doesn’t want a clean source of energy especially if that energy would be much cheaper than fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum?

I foresee that among my three predictions of changes in technology, Much Cheaper Green Energy would top the list of changes that may have a substantial impact on our school and our community.
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Maria Theresa F. Rulete

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 11:37 am


The existing models of information technology (IT) acceptance were developed with the concept of the static individual computing environment in mind. As such, in today's rapidly changing IT environment, they do not serve as adequate indicators of an individual's IT usage behavior.

“The rate and magnitude of change are rapidly outpacing the complex of theories -- economic, social, and philosophical - - on which public and private decisions are based. To the extent that we continue to view the world from the perspective of an earlier, vanishing age, we will continue to misunderstand the developments surrounding the transition to an information society, be unable to realize the full economic and social potential of this revolutionary technology, and risk making some very serious mistakes as reality and the theories we use to interpret it continue to diverge." - Cordell (1987)

The three changes that likely to have substantial impact on USEP in the next three years are the following:

1. Electronic Processing of all services

Electronic Data Processing (EDP) can refer to the use of automated methods to process commercial data. Typically, this uses relatively simple, repetitive activities to process large volumes of similar information. For example: stock updates applied to an inventory, banking transactions applied to account and customer master files, booking and ticketing transactions to an airline's reservation system, billing for utility services. Its advantages are: speed, it operates the speed of electric flow which is measured in billions and trillionth of a second. It is faster than any other machine designed to do similar works; accuracy, high speed processing by computer is accompanied by high accuracy results the electronic circuitry of computer is such that, when the machine are programmed correctly and when incoming data is error free, the accuracy of the output is relatively assured; automatic operation, an electronic computer can carry out sequence of many data processing operations without human interaction, the various operations are executed by way of a stored computer program; decision making capability, a computer can perform certain decision instruction automatically; compact storage, electronic data processing system have the ability to store large amounts of data in compact and easily retrievable form; discipline imposes, to solve problem-with computer you must, first understand the problem, second, program the computer to give you right answers. Understand a problem is one thing but understanding it to the depth of detail and insight required to program the computer is a completely different matter.

2. Virtual Learning

A virtual learning environment (VLE) is a set of teaching and learning tools designed to enhance a student's learning experience by including computers and the Internet in the learning process. The principal components of a VLE package include curriculum mapping (breaking curriculum into sections that can be assigned and assessed), student tracking, online support for both teacher and student, electronic communication (e-mail, threaded discussions, chat, Web publishing), and Internet links to outside curriculum resources. Its advantages are: learning without any restriction as to time or space; courses based on modules with flexible time schemes, which take individual learning needs into account; and greater responsibility taken by students in the learning process.

3. RFID

RFID stands for Radio-Frequency IDentification. The acronym refers to small electronic devices that consist of a small chip and an antenna. The chip typically is capable of carrying 2,000 bytes of data or less. The RFID device serves the same purpose as a bar code or a magnetic strip on the back of a credit card or ATM card; it provides a unique identifier for that object. And, just as a bar code or magnetic strip must be scanned to get the information, the RFID device must be scanned to retrieve the identifying information. Its advantages are: RFID tags are very simple to install/inject inside the body of animals, thus helping to keep a track on them. This is useful in animal husbandry and on poultry farms. The installed RFID tags give information about the age, vaccinations and health of the animals; RFID technology is better than bar codes as it cannot be easily replicated and therefore, it increases the security of the product.; Supply chain management forms the major part of retail business and RFID systems play a key role by managing updates of stocks, transportation and logistics of the product; Barcode scanners have repeatedly failed in providing security to gems and jewelries in shops. But nowadays, RFID tags are placed inside jewelry items and an alarm is installed at the exit doors; The RFID tags can store data up to 2 KB whereas, the bar code has the ability to read just 10-12 digits.

REFERENCES:

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Advantages_of_electronic_data_processing

http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/0,,sid9_gci866691,00.html

http://www.friends-partners.org/utsumi/Global_University/Global%20University%20System/Tapio%27s_Slides_Virtual_Learning/tsld008.htm

http://www.technovelgy.com/ct/Technology-Article.asp?ArtNum=1


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PostSubject: incoming changes with impacts on the university   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:12 pm

Change, as inevitable as it is, has been the foremost factor of the rise and fall of organizations. Technology is one of those which is innovated and fostered because of such transformations. Nonetheless, change is actually the motivator why technology surfaces at its height, and, though still advancing, organizations use it to deal with business competence in the industry.

For how many years did we knew that the changes brought by technology greatly affect the entire universe, we could think of the probabilities and experiences that what we do not have or do in the past are the things that occupy our attention now. Likewise, the way we are living today might not be similar in the future in some ways. And because technology is the catalyst of these fast variations, things that we anticipate in the forthcoming years might be the effects of the changes in the trends of information technology (IT).

These things affect us in one way or the other. We in the Philippines might say that we are far from the current advancement of information technology. But even though how far or near we are, still we could not deny the fact that it still has affected us. Moreover, although we belong to those third world countries, agents such as those in the highly industrialized countries are coming in and out of the Philippines bringing with them new trends of technology that are introduced to the massive people.

Most of the organizations like those that are involved in information and communication technologies, or ICT companies, introduced new techniques and offer help for firms which need information technology in running their business. They develop systems that are being used as tools and techniques in managing the information systems (IS) in the company. Firms and corporations who rely on information and communication technology in running their business are what we call ICT-enabled companies. These comprise of such corporations, schools, government agencies, private firms, and many others who use technology applications to excel in their fields of industry.

Colleges and universities are institutions of higher education that offer programs beyond the high school level. Colleges and universities provide necessary training for individuals wishing to enter professional careers. They also strive to develop students’ creativity, insight, and analytical skills. By acquainting students with complex ideas in an intellectually stimulating environment, colleges and universities can provide unique opportunities for personal enrichment while also preparing students for future careers.

Colleges and universities strive to inform students of established principles of knowledge as well as of the most recent developments in academic research. Methods of instruction may be a lecture, lecture-discussion, discussion, laboratory, seminar, internship, clinical experience, community service, distance education, or a combination of these and other formats.
(Microsoft ®️ Encarta ®️ 2007. ©️ 1993-2006 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.)

In my years spent as a student, I have observed the inclination of learning with regards to technological applications in education. And as I study in the university where I am taking up a course very relevant to what I am discussing now (I am a BS Information Technology student), I took notice of the effects of information technology in the learning and instructions in the university, including its everyday business.

As aforementioned, colleges and universities (or schools, in general) provide trainings for students to prepare them for future careers. As an institution of higher education, they should strive in giving the best teachings to produce highly competitive students. A lot of colleges and universities now engage in using computers and other audio-visual aids as means in delivering instructions in the classroom. There are also several schools which offer distant education programs. Apart from instruction, universities and colleges need to have the essential tools to deliver their business to satisfy their customers and clients. Schools rely on information technology for a more efficient process in its business transactions.

To further improve the service to the customers and clients as well as their partners, the university develops strategic information systems planning (we have discussed a lot about it in the previous forum topics) so to also address on how to deal with changes brought about by the effects of technology in the organizational management. And in the continuing years, new sets of strategies will be implemented to cope up with these changes.

I have found and read a research article made by Anita Chi-kwan Lee which conveys the IT trends in four years of incoming students at the University of Hongkong. I find it quite applicable for this topic so I made it a basis and reference of study. The paper actually talks about the survey results made in the university’s initiative efforts of adopting technology in education. (Well I thought those key points they have tackled are the same as what we are concerned right now but when I checked the date, theirs was actually many years ago. I could just imagine that we are moving quite late regarding these IT application concerns.)

Well, seriously speaking, if there are changes most likely to happen within the university I may say it would be more on the expansion of the information systems. Probably there would be great emphasis on the upgrades of hardware and software components, supplementary trainings and empowerment of more IS/IT personnel, the use of technology as a method of instruction, and students’ access to computers and internet in learning.

With the fast evolution of new products and services in information and communications technology, hardware components are now increasing in specifications with high speed and efficiency. I believe there is no need to get the latest trends in hardware units just to make out the success in the organization because it does not solely depends on it and having the newest and most advanced computer units does not guarantee utmost productivity. However, a firm may maximize its hardware components to give out the necessary job outputs in a fast and efficient manner. With this, I imagine our institution considering in upgrading the hardware elements in the information system. This is important especially that the institute houses the servers which are essential in processing the data and information in the campus. Not only that, new computer units with better (higher) specifications appropriate for the course learning methods would replace those old units and other audio-visual materials. This will further improve the transactions of the university in view of the fact that better facilities will increase efficiency and productivity of the services. Of course, this will yield better results if there are supplementary trainings and empowerment of more IS/IT personnel that will be done. Since the framework of IT will now expand due to the expansion of the university’s information systems, more staff that will cater these responsibilities is required.

The expansion of the information systems in the university might also mean the integration of the subsystems of the school, especially those of which roles greatly affect the major functions of the institutions. Since right now, our co-students are developing subsystems in the university as projects in software engineering, and system analysis and design subjects; these might give way to more and more system developments in the school in the forthcoming years. If these systems that are being developed will be highly regarded and implemented and maintained, such features and functions will draw attention from other students and university personnel and might give way to all-out support for the enhancement of the university’s information system.

In the event that more subsystems are proposed to be designed and developed that will function in replace of the old manual ways of processing data this calls for the advancement of IT skills of students, faculty, and staff in the university that will be regarded as the users of these systems. This also calls for a demand in student access to computer and internet. As the applications of IT in education are being greatly emphasized, course syllabus will require using computer applications in the learning process. Therefore, there might be an understanding that students who own computers especially those with internet connection will be more competitive than those who do not. Students who acquire more advanced computer skills will highly have more confidence in using computers.

As the conventional methods of instruction being conducted in the classroom and/or campus are also revolutionizing, I would not be surprise that in the next three years, the university will be initiating distance education programs that use technology to carry instructions to students in off-campus locations. In this case, there would be relatively less demand for faculty members who will handle large number of students thus also reducing cost. In addition, students that cannot attend classes on campus for a variety of reasons will now have the opportunity to learn without having to be onsite. That would mean more students enrolling courses off-site while lesser students in the campus.

These changes however, will have considerable impact on the university, the school services, and the personnel. The expansion of information system will surely boost the processing time of the transactions of the school services. Instead of extra time that will be used in the old manual systems of processing data and information, the development and enhancement of the systems will take less time thus increasing time for other concerns. The advancement of skills, student access to computer and internet access, particularly the method of instruction could affect the attitude of students and faculty alike towards information technology and education. Probably students will have diverse reactions regarding the computer use in education. The effectiveness of computer use in studies is now at issue. Truly, distance learning for example, gives opportunity for those who cannot manage to be on the campus and study onsite. However, this does not guarantee effective learning at all. Many would still believe that computers do not replace the need for lectures and class discussions. This I think will draw out attention especially to those colleges which have courses that are not so reliant on technological advancements or those who have minimal IT applications. Although many would say that computers make learning easier and more efficient, some faculty and staff may choose to have the conventional way of teaching as the need for it arises.

Nevertheless, changes brought about by IT trends affect the business in general as it affects the subsystems and its other components. Things may be very small to notice but each piece will greatly be involved.

study study study
I would like to acknowledge the following references in my essay:

Lee, A. C. 2002, IT Trends in Four Years of Incoming Students in University of Hongkong, Educause Quarterly

Microsoft Encarta Dictionaries 2007

Microsoft Encarta Premium 2007
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Dolorosa G. Mancera

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PostSubject: Assignment 9   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:17 pm

The world is rapidly changing into something that no one can easily predict and rather difficult to calculate. Change is a thing that we must all face. Some changes are due to the advancement in technology, particularly information technology. The fast change in our environment affects every organization, even in our own university. That is why organizations nowadays want to create an organizational environment that is accessible to change in order to survive and grow and be competitive with the others.

Information Technology or “infotech” is simply the combination of computers and communication technologies. Information Technology deals with the use of electronic computers and software to manage information, to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve those information. According to Wikipedia, it was defined by the ITAA or Information Technology Association of America as the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. Information Technology is becoming persistent and having a great impact on all industries in terms of services and in manufacturing as well. As what I have read, as I surf the internet, information technology is a term used to refer an entire industry. In some organization, they have a Management Information system department or simply an IT department. And IT department is responsible for the storing, processing, protecting, transmitting and retrieving of the information. IT departments are handled by IT professional and those people perform a variety of tasks, and this may include data management, networking, engineering computer hardware, database and software design, and especially managing the entire system.

Every organization should be more flexible and adaptive due to the increasing global interdependencies and the accelerating pace of change. Information Technology is one solution to environmental change. An effective implementation of information technology would reduce the organization’s weaknesses through cutting the cost of expected and predicted failures and improve its flexibility by moderately reduce the rate of adjustments. The changes in information technology would lead to the evolution of new innovations and organizational structures. If an organization would successfully adopt the changes in information technology, it would lead a firm to an increasing competitiveness and success.

Talking about information technology and its changes, as a student and as part of the university, a change in the information technology affects not only the school but even the students and faculties. Since change is increasing relentlessly, our university is trying their best to cope up with that change. Honestly, in terms of technology, our university is not that competitive and innovative. Still, we don’t have enough computers that would cater more students at the same time. There are some services of the university that not all students can participate. If we look around the university, there are a lot of problems and some of those problems can be solved and lessen through the use of information technology. One thing that triggers the university to successfully adapt the changes is the cost. Though the university aims to be competitive with the other big schools and as the vision of the university, “premier university in the Asian region”, budget is an intruder to that dream. An implementation of new information technology needs a sufficient budget, especially on the hardware to the software that will be used. Resistance to change is one reason why a certain organization doesn’t want to implement a new information technology. Those organizations are left behind in the modern way of business since every process and transactions are manually done. But as I observe on our school, resistance to change is not a big risk. Everyone wants to be updated with the latest information technology but we fail to achieve this because of the cost.

For the next three years, there will be numerous and variety of changes that our school will encounter and am hoping that by that time I am already an alumnus of the university. Using my crystal ball, three years from now our university will be more competitive. We will be competitive because will be able to adjust on the changes in information technology and the students and faculties and even the administration will unite to improve the services that our school offers which will lead to the university’s success.

I can foresee different changes that have a substantial impact on the schools services. First is the deployment of the university information system or the Uniisys. As of this year, the fourth year student of the institute of computing are busy integrating the systems that they have developed last year. They develop these systems not only for the completion of their project in systems analysis and design but to help the student, faculty and staff with their needs. The uniisys is composed of 10 subsystems which include edikit, upahibalo, ebenta, eskolar, egayd, agila, etudlo, and alumnay sa usep. Those systems are all web-based application that accommodates some of the services that our school offers and additional services for the university. Through this application, the university will have online services such as online scholarship process (eskolar), online publication and announcements (upahibalo), online map of the university (egayd), and online tutorial services (etudlo). The systems that was proposed and developed are dynamic so that it will be useful that would last a decade. The services supplied by the uniisys do not stop there because after this year more online services will be develop and will integrate. Those additional services will be developed on the next batch of fourth year students. And I am proud to say that I am one of those next batches. Our aim is to improve and add some services offered by the university information system. Services such as online voting, university’s social networking site, forums, blogs and online games, autoscheduler, and plagiarism detector will be added on the University information system that will help the need of every one and will also be useful for entertainment. By 2013, the students from our school and even the faculty will interact not only inside the campus but also on the virtual world through the help of the internet. All the manual process of every department is projected to be automated. Three years from now our school will have online services that everyone can use and enjoy.
Another change in the university’s services will be the online enrolment. Though we already have an automated enrolment system, it will still be helpful and useful to have online enrolment system so that students from provinces who wants to enroll in the university don’t have to spend too much in the transportation. In addition to the online enrolment system is the online admission system. The admission is part on the pre-enrolment processes and aiming it to be processed on the web will be helpful so that the student applicants don’t need to visit the university from to time just to have some updates if they are allowed to enroll or not based on the result of the entrance exam.
Next, the university will improve its services by enhancing the school facilities. The university serves the students, faculty and staff and improving the school’s facilities is an advantage to satisfy the needs of the students and faculties. As of present, the university doesn’t have enough facilities to cater everyone. Three years from now, more new computers for computer laboratories, updated version of books for the libraries, new and additional laboratory equipments for experiments, and new chairs and electric fans for every rooms. Having a good and advanced facility is a plus to improve the learning process of the students and the communication process between departments. And also the university will offer services that will help the student earn extra income. The school will also provide services such as online tutorials, online bargain and online market (similar on the services offered by the multiply.com) that will gave a positive impact on the students. And through these services, the university already teaches its students to be dependent and be innovative, and also opens the door for e-commerce.

In conclusion, on the next three years almost all the services offered by the university will also run on the web. The university will be competitive in terms of online services. By that time, students will not be limited on the learning that they acquired inside their classrooms because they can gain more knowledge on the web and can share information and resources on the internet through the university’s own forums and blogs. The development of the Uniisys is a great advantage and a plus on the university knowing that the developers of the said system are their students. This will also be helpful, especially on us IT and CS students to enhance our skills in programming and be able to apply what we have learned from our instructors. And as an IT student, I am very excited on the output of the combined projects of the students. But change never stops and no one can control it. Change always challenges us to evolve and teaches us not to rely and be satisfied on what we already have now because there are still bigger opportunities awaiting. After the next three years, more and more changes in information technology and by that time the university will improve its services so that our school will never be left behind.






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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:23 pm

IT changes in USeP
(3 years from now)




Information is everywhere and everyone uses it. Manipulating information with the use of the technology is widely emerging. It includes the use of computers, software, hardware, and even people ware for storing, protecting, processing, transmitting, retrieving information. Thus, creating the notion of Information technology in which name means itself.

The only constant thing in the world is nothing but change. In the new millennium, the rapid change in Information technology became apparent that almost all of the aspects in life are affected; even education. Organizations cope up with these changes which are said to be of competitive edge. Organizations including the universities use Information Technology to perform their business processes effectively and efficiently.

Universities such as the University of Southeastern Philippines use Information Technology as an instrument in achieving their goals. The university envisioned itself to be a premier university in the ASEAN Region. Furthermore, it has a mission to provide world-class quality graduates thro8ugh quality education ans sustainalble resource managemet. to the deserving students and to provide them with competencies in Science and Technology, Entrepreneurial and leadership abilities and so on. Additionally, the university has program mandates which include promoting professional training in the medicine, fisheries, engineering and industrial fields; advanced studies, research and extension services for the socio-economic development of Mindanao; courses and specialization that responds to the needs in the academe; non-formal education for the development; and scholarship and part-time job opportunities for the deserving students.

In line with the university’s aim, the school partnered with various agencies which and rendered services that ensures development. International agencies include: Knowledge for Development Center (with World Bank); Philippine-Australia Basic Education Assistance for Mindanao ith the Australian Agency for International Development);
Institute of Languages (with Sung-Duk College, South Korea); Pamulaan Center for Indigenous Peoples’ Education (with Assisi Development Foundation); Philippine-Australia Basic Education Assistance for Mindanao; (with the Australian Agency for International Development); for Pre-Service Education; Southeast Asian Ministries of Education Organization Regional Center for Vocational and Technical Education and
Training in Brunei Darussalam (with SEAMEO-VOCTECH); Resources for the Blind, Inc. (with Christoffel-Blinden Mission of Germany) ; Confucius Institute (with the Republic of China); Human Resource Development in Teacher Education and Languages (with the Australian Government, under PAHRDF) among others.

Also, to maintain the quality education the university is boosting for, USeP is offering various services and is using different systems. Systems and management scheme includes Dynamic Administration and Management System; Highly Motivated and Competent University Faculty; Ladderized System of Education; to provide wider access to higher education; Equivalency Program and Accreditation Schemes; Pamulaan Center for Indigenous Peoples’ Education and Mindanao e-Learning Space (MiSpace) so on and so forth.

Also, the university provides its residents with different facilities such as the Speech Laboratories ; Dormitory/Training Center ; Social Hall ; Conference Rooms ; Computer Center ; Sports Facilities ; Virtual Library ; Tissue Culture Laboratories; Mindanao eLearning Space; WB Knowledge for Development Center ; Physical and Natural Science Laboratories ; SWEEP Wireless Laboratory ; Science and Technology Learning Resource Center ; Crop and Animal Production Projects ; Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical & Astronomical Services; Administration (PAGASA) Station; Affiliated Non-conventional Energy Center; College of Education Training and Review Center; Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency an Accreditation Program; Institute of Languages; WB-Knowledge for Development Center; Lifelong Study Center; Mindanao Center for Policy Studies; Mindanao Center for Technical Education & Staff Development; Mindanao e-Learning Space; Pamulaan Center for Indigenous Peoples Education; Regional Center for Human Rights Education; Regional Trades and Crafts Training and Production Center; Teacher Training Center-Mindanao and Zonal Computerization Center.

As mentioned above, it is very evident that the university uses the application of Information Technology in its operations. The university not only offers programs related to Information Technology but also employs IT in the other programs and services. It also partnered with the IT-reliant organizations to undertake development.

Assuming I have with me the crystal ball and I would have to foresee on what USeP shall be three years from now (that would be along 2013), I have to identify three IT changes in IT which has significant impact on the school services of the university. These changes include system integration, improved enrollment system and organizational plan that adopts to the fast changing IT environment.


According to Morton, IT may consist of five basic components - computers, communications technology, work stations, robotics, and computer chips. It may also mean devices that transmit, manipulate, analyze, or exploit information; in which a digital computer processes information integral to the user's communication or decision task; and that have made their appearance since 1970 or exist in a form that aids in communication or decision tasks to a significantly greater degree than did pre-1971 forms,” as defined by Huber.

According to Edward J. Bride in his Transitions - changes to Information Technology Association of America, Information Technology not only talks of the software, network services, and systems integration and consulting, it also includes the entire IT environment.

According to Malhotra, Yogesh in his Role of Information Technology in Managing Organizational Change and Organizational Interdependence, organizational changes are in line with the changes in Information technology. The growth of the organization depends on the effective usage of IT. Thus, organizational environment and the information preferences creates symbiotic relationship.

As Norbert Wiener quoted “, we modified our environment so radically that we must modify ourselves in order to exist in this new environment. “

IT changes in USeP include:

1.) Integrated systems utilization


Faculties and students in the university with certain initiatives powered by motivations are able to create information systems which have different goals. These systems if successfully deployed will be of great help in the services of the university. The university integrated system also known as the “uniisys” encompasses several batches of system which include: Ebenta which is an online bidding system for the students to engage in E-Commerce activity; Edikit, an An online publication system; Upahibalo, an organizational information system; Iskolar which is a scholarship information system Alumnay sa USeP, a university alumni information system, Shareit, an online file sharing social site; Etudlo, an online tutorial service provider; Escheduler, and scheduling information system among others.

I believe these are few of the changes that could happen in the university which has a great impact on the operations of the university. Systems are created to bring benefit to the residents such as the students, faculty and staff.

The university strives for more developed systems which bring forth more productive operations. And because of this, students are still initiating and developing for the possible systems that could be integrated on the said system. Also, staff is making other systems, although not for the intent of integrating the uniisys, but for the development of the other operations’ concerns.

For years of the systems integration and development, it is possible to look at the university utilizing the systems developed by the students.


2.) Improved enrollment system


Although the university already has its own enrollment system which for years have been developed, involved parties seem not really satisfied. With this, I consider the improvement of the said system to take place in the next three years. With the goal of minimizing the cost and time spent among the students, faculty and staff, the enrollment system is expected to be developed in a way that it is being efficiently utilized.



3.) Organizational structure


According to (Malone and Crowston, the increasing speed pace of change require more flexible and adaptive organizations. Rockart and Short cites the ballooning need for the interdependence of organizational structure to IT in managing competitive pressures that included globalization, time-based competition, increased market risk, and a greater emphasis on customer service and cost reduction. Bennis states that "the organization's response to the environment will continue to be the crucial determinant for its effectiveness."

As organizations use information, effective usage of Information Technology likely results to the organizations development and growth.

It is apparent that IT has great impact in the university, and whatever changes in IT has the university as an IT-reliant organization has to go with the changes in order not to be behind. As Keen (1991) noted that IT increasingly and continuously affects the organizations operations as well as its behavior including issues as on how the organization organize, transact business, and contend with other organization.


REFERENCES:

http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/ITDefinition.htm

http://www.usep.edu.ph/version/

http://uniisys.usep.edu.ph/index.php?link=links

Malhotra, Yogesh. (1993). Role of Information Technology in Managing Organizational Change and Organizational Interdependence [WWW document]. URL http://www.brint.com/papers/change/

Bride,Edward J. (1991). Transitions - changes to Information Technology Association of America. URL http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0SMG/is_n15_v11/ai_11608052/


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PostSubject: assignment #9   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:28 pm

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years.

========================================================================================================

1.) Online election process
This is the computerization of election process. It’s where people used a specialized computer to vote their candidate instead of the usual ballot boxes where people cast their votes by way of writing on the ballot. This process provides much more efficiency and reliability than the conventional way of voting. This method is faster and can give out result of the election in a matter of days instead of the secure balloting where it will take weeks or even months before a result could be presented to the public. The voters also can vote even they are outside the school through internet.

2.) Free Wi-Fi spots in all area of USeP
Since the school recently have Wi-Fi spots but there are some area are exclusive for personnel only. But I do believe that this coming 3 years, the University has a Wi-fi connection. This is very helpful to the students and visitor also to access the net even they are in school. Wi-Fi, which stands for wireless fidelity, in a play on the older term Hi-Fi, is a wireless networking technology used across the globe. Wi-Fi refers to any system that uses the 802.11 standard, which was developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and released in 1997. The term Wi-Fi, which is alternatively spelled WiFi, Wi-fi, Wifi, or wifi, was pushed by the Wi-Fi Alliance, a trade group that pioneered commercialization of the technology. In a Wi-Fi network, computers with wifi network cards connect wirelessly to a wireless router. The router is connected to the Internet by means of a modem, typically a cable or DSL modem. Any user within 200 feet or so (about 61 meters) of the access point can then connect to the Internet, though for good transfer rates, distances of 100 feet (30.5 meters) or less are more common. Retailers also sell wireless signal boosters that extend the range of a wireless network.

Wifi networks can either be "open", such that anyone can use them, or "closed", in which case a password is needed. An area blanketed in wireless access is often called a wireless hotspot. There are efforts underway to turn entire cities, such as San Francisco, Portland, and Philadelphia, into big wireless hotspots.

3.) Online entrance exam process
I do believe that this coming 3 years, the entrance exam process in Usep will no longer in manual but the applicants take the exam through internet. But the people who can able to take entrance exam are those applicants can filled-up the information’s needed in the system. The system also undergoes alpha and testing to make sure the reliability of the process.


Links: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-wifi.htm


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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:29 pm

The fast changing world has increase the changes involving information technology. Because of the application o technology computer skills and knowledge of other technology are almost necessary inside and outside the classroom. Students are now expected to reach a level of technological proficiency at younger ages.

Now, there are more ways to communicate effectively. Students have a range of skills to express themselves not only through paper and pencil, but also audio, video, animation, design software as well as a host of new environments (e-mail, Web sites, message boards, blogs, streaming media, etc.).

Factors Facilitating Technology-Supported Education Change

•Authentic challenging tasks are best supported with flexible technology applications rather than with canned instructional programs.
•Having project-based, cooperative learning skills in place is important.
•Teachers need time to develop their own skills with technology.
•Easily available access to technical assistance is critical, especially in the early years.
•Schools need permission and support for innovations from the district, state, and federal levels.
•Using the technology tools of the professional community adds significance and cultural value to school tasks.
•Technology implementation provides a safe context for teachers to become learners again and to share their ideas about curriculum and method.
•Outside funding may be required to support the level of technical assistance and professional development opportunity needed to implement technology-supported education reform efforts.

1.Developing Plan

The first step in developing a technology plan is convening a planning committee or team to review the school-improvement plan already in place and research the district needs. In the case of USEP it is important to develop a plan in technology because technology continues to play an important role in modern industrial society, integrating technology into the schools will help prepare students to succeed in a rapidly changing world.

An effective team enlists educators but also takes advantage of the expertise of community members and the input of parents and students. Planning partners may include administrators, principals, teachers, district office representatives, parents, potential business partners, and a representative from the county office, regional agency, or department of education (Cradler, 1996). The specific organizational structures, committees, and membership may vary among schools that have integrated technology effectively, but the plan should be the result of input from educators and community members with knowledge, experience, and expectations of the role of technology in their school (Massachusetts Software Council, 1994). The support of key administrators and influential teachers is critical to the plan's implementation and success.

2.ICT Infrastructure Management

ICT Infrastructure Management processes recommend best practice for requirements analysis, planning, design, deployment and ongoing operations management and technical support of an ICT Infrastructure. ("ICT" is an acronym for "Information and Communication Technology".)

•ICT Design and Planning

From the word itself it defines the in designing and planning a specific process that fit to the organization. ICT Design and Planning provides a framework and approach for the Strategic and Technical Design and Planning of ICT infrastructures. It includes the necessary combination of business (and overall IS) strategy, with technical design and architecture.

•ICT Deployment

ICT Deployment provides a framework for the successful management of design, build, test and roll-out (deploy) projects within an overall ICT programme. It includes many project management disciplines in common with PRINCE2, but has a broader focus to include the necessary integration of Release Management and both functional and non functional testing.

•ICT Technical Support

ICT Technical Support is the specialist technical function for infrastructure within ICT. Primarily as a support to other processes, both in Infrastructure Management and Service Management.

3.RFID( as Student's ID)

There is an especially effective technology that surrounds ID cards today and one that is slipping into greater use among companies and employers. This technology is called RFID, and the cards it powers are called ‘contactless smart cards.’

The technology behind the card is Radio frequency identification, or RFID. Wikipedia defines Radio-frequency identification (RFID)as an object (typically referred to as an RFID tag) applied to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification and tracking using radio waves. Some tags can be read from several meters away and beyond the line of sight of the reader.

RFID is a broad term that encompasses the span of technologies that use radio waves to automatically identify people or objects and work with a microchip to store information. The most common way of storing information is to store a serial number that identifies a person, object, or information on a microchip. The microchip is attached to an antenna and imbedded between the layers of the card. Information can be written, erased, and rewritten, and is stored on the microchip and transmitted by the antenna.

Instead of inserting your card into a card acceptor or scanning it through, all you have to do is passing within range of the radio frequency acceptor and you are done. You usually have to be within a few inches of the machine for it to operate, but it still saves a ton of time and headache. The greatest benefit of this card is its inherent security. Forging a card like RFID is very difficult and it greatly minimizes security risks. RFID cards can be used by anyone, and are most effective in every environment from the very large to the very small. Therefore, using this object as a student ID it will have a substantial impact to the university because it makes the lives of the student and faculty easier.

References:

http://www.nsba.org/sbot/toolkit/tnc.html
http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/technlgy/te300.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_Technology_Infrastructure_Library
http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/48795/rfid_id_card_overview.html

myblog:http://jevaldez.blogspot.com/2010/02/assignment-9-in-mis.html Arrow Arrow


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Gleizelle Jen Dieparine

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:43 pm

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three year

In these stage of evolution of the earth ,we can't deny that pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. IT is because many of us are using the new technology as the earth evolve new update with IT/IS were develop so if people doesn't adopt IT change it may behind you in the things going on in this world especially in businesses and firms. Such that our schooling we are aiming of high quality education ,in that we should adopt IT changes for substantial impact of our university.


Information technology (IT) changes rapidly, seriously challenging IT management. In response, many organizations create a formal group of IT professionals to evaluate emerging IT so they can better cope with its change. A survey based on structured interviews was mailed to a nationwide sample of 1,000 IT organizations. Two hundred forty-six respondents provided data to identify categories of coping mechanisms to handle changing IT. Five categories emerged: Education and Training, Internal Procedures, Vendor Support, Consultant Support, and Endurance. Organizations apply Education and Training more extensively than the others. Thus the research contributes to understanding the means by which organizations cope with rapid IT change. The research also found that organizations with a group dedicated to investigating emerging IT cope more extensively, but not more successfully, than do those without one. Thus the research contributes not only by providing an understanding of how organizations cope with rapid IT change, but also by suggesting the need to achieve more from the group charged with emerging IT.
the industries that supply the electronic technology are among the most competitive in the world, striving day and night to launch faster and more powerful systems. Technology strengthens competition, while competition boosts technology. Here is a self-feeding spiral that promotes not merely rapid change, but ever-accelerating change.

Here are my Aspiring Information Technology change :
It is all about system may implement for the school services.

e-Information technology services- IT change in learning process

As I have read information and the some site about Information Technology service in online form and it is implemented to its university of the other country .I found myself to be interested that it could be apply to our university .Well ,as I have already notice higher years has a project that is the same as this e services .These project could be implemented that likely have substantial impact to our university. It is because not only in Institute of computing could use it but also other colleges ,faculties eventually the university itself and may use by the other university.
This E-information technology is a online services of learning information or knowledge. IT contains support documentation and instructions for University and supported software packages. It search capabilities allow you to search for key words related to the information you are interested in finding
This may develop for the easy way of getting university’s IT services that everyone could access

System for the university clinic
Having a system concerning our clinic has a good impact to our university .This would help managing the services of university clinic. We already know that clinic has important role concerning people in the university and we found out that they are use manual way of managing medicines and its services and they can’t entertain student much . The new system would help to manage student, faculties to find time to check up even one semester for knowing our health and avail their services .It would help monitoring the medicines and health equipment.

E voting system
This would help student council in counting of vote and for the student in voting of nominees in our university .It would also help our university in adopting IT change . It may a proud for a university that we, could also avail of e voting services .IT has a big and substantial impact in our university.As I know this system is a project of our classmate in SE .It is a idea concerning our university.


References:
http://www.jmis-web.org/articles/v17_n4_p183/index.html

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ailaine adaptar

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PostSubject: assignment #9   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:57 pm

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years.
=====================================================================================================

There are a number of ways that technology can enhance service-learning programs while conserving program resources:


* Program management
For example, databases can help program staff to track student placements, community partner contact information and the academic calendar.

* Community partner participation
For example, a well-publicized web site can describe the service-learning programs, provide easy access to forms for registering a community project and highlight stories of positive community partner experiences.

* Curricular tools
For example, online modules and case studies can enhance classroom and community-based learning.

* Community service
Meaningful community service doesn’t necessarily have to involve regular or ongoing face-to-face contact between student and community partner. For example, after meeting with community students in a web design course with a service-learning component

* Reflection
For example, electronic discussion groups can enable students across different service-learning sites to regularly communicate, share their experiences and respond to reflective questions posed by faculty and one another.

* Program evaluation
For example, online surveys can enable students and community partners to respond to questions about their experiences and the impact of the program. Databases can facilitate the tracking and storage of program evaluation information.


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Roy Cuevas

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 12:59 pm

“The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words)”

Well, we really can’t deny the fact that information technology has really changed the lives of us students here in the University of Southeastern Philippines. There are so many information technology-related things that have helped students, either inside or outside the school campus. For example, let’s take a look at internet cafes. We can’t help think but associate internet cafes with games, right? But we should also think that letting students play games isn’t the only function of Internet cafes. They also help students by providing a venue for them to gain access to the internet. This greatly helps those students who don’t have a computer at home, and those who have a computer at home but don’t have an internet connection.

Providing internet inside the school also has benefits for students. They need not log in outside and pay for the time that they consume. They just have to validate their library card and they shall have a code that can be used to gain access to the computer lab in the school. And they don’t even have to pay for it, but they have a certain number of hours to consume it before they can be issued another set of hours for the following semester. This greatly benefits those students who have financial problems but really need to be online. The problem here would just be the internet connection speed and the hardware specifications of each computer in the laboratory.

Providing wi-fi hotspots inside the school campus was also an IT-related move of the university that has helped my fellow Usepians, particular to those who own laptops or those who bring laptops to school. With this, they can access the internet immediately, even when they’re not in the computer laboratory, just like the nodal center.

Well, so much for that. I think those are the only IT-related stuff that I can think of that are helpful to use students. As for now, we have to discuss the potential IT-related changes that can happen to our university that will have an impact on the school services for the next three years. All of my answers here aren’t based on some other guy’s perception or idea. I thought of this myself, so dear reader, don’t expect too much of a perfect answer because my answers here are just based on what I think I know and what I perceive.

1.) First change involving information technology for me that could impact our school services for the next three years would be the implementation of the UNIISYS (University Integrated System). Assuming that it would be implemented, it could really change some of the student services that are now ongoing in the University of Southeastern Philippines. The UNIISYS has many subsystems that could really help students on their activities in the school.
• E-benta - An online bidding system for the university students to engage in E-Commerce activity promoting their competitiveness and experience in entrepreneurship.
• Edikit - An online publication system which let the students upload and publish their literary works online.
• Upahibalo - An organizational information system, which handles the information of organizations and its members.
• Iskolar - A scholarship information system, which manages information and renewal for the university scholars.
• Alumnay sa USeP - An information system handling the university Alumni and creates a hub for their communications.
• Shareit - A file sharing social site which lets students share files for reference and other materials.
• Etudlo - An information system that lets tutorial service providers and seekers communicate and establish schedules online.
• Escheduler - An information system that provides services for the faculty to establish both academic and appointment schedules, and also lets them request appointments online.

If deployed successfully, all these subsystems of the Uniisys will be a great help to the students of the university. If your read all their definitions, then you could certainly deduce that their functions are all intended to make students’ life easier.

For more information about Uniisys, visit http://uniisys.usep.edu.ph/index.php?link=links

2.) Next change would be the IT infrastructure. I’m not really sure if their going to make changes about it, but if there would be, certainly, it would affect the school services here in the university. Just like for example, the network topology of the school would be changed to something faster and better than the previous one, then certainly, school services for students would be more effective and would be faster than the previous one. And maybe adding additional wi-fi hotspots with no restrictions could be very helpful to students. The only issue would be if the student would utilize the free Internet access correctly and won’t abuse it.

3) Lastly, I think that Green Campus Computing would have an impact on the school’s services. Why? First, Green Campus Computing promotes efficient energy usage and different ways to achieve it. If the school were to implement these methods in applying Green Campus Computing, then the school could save a lot in energy usage. If there were extra equipment, then they could donate it to other institutions.

From the four years that I have been staying in this university, I can say that all these will really have an impact on the university’s services and can really have an effect on the everyday life of students.


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Franz Cie B. Suico

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 1:17 pm

The question:

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years.

If I had a crystal ball and I need to identify and discuss the three changes likely will have a substantial impact on my school services in the next three years, my answer would be the enrollment, the infrastructure, and Wi-Fi access. These are the things that would be more likely have a substantial impact on my school services in the next three years. To have a brief description to why I chose these three changes in our school, the reason is because enrollment process in our school is such a hassle for students. And the process is not followed accordingly in some way. About the infrastructure, when we talk about infrastructure we really don’t say that its all about the buildings that exist in the university but also about IT infrastructure, maybe the next three years the Institute of Computing shall have its own building exclusively for IC students and a better IT infrastructure. And about the Wi-Fi connection, we all know that the university have a Wi-Fi access, but it is limited, sometimes is secured and sometimes unsecured. To elaborate I will describe it further one by one. Let’s start with the enrollment.

The enrollment of the university three years from know would change for the fact there are some system that is being made for the enrollment process but still it needs proper dissemination of information and proper system process. About the dissemination of information, proper dissemination of information to the students so that the student would know what is the proper process. Proper dissemination of information can led to a very more peaceful process. And there should be a proper implementation of the enrollment process. In order for it to be effective proper implementation of the enrollment process should be done accordingly. We know it won’t be perfect but at least proper implementation leads to a good and proper enrollment process. For the next three years there will be more system that pertaining to enrollment that would help for the betterment of the enrollment process. Basically, that should be it for the enrollment process. Next, we will go to the infrastructure.

As we all know the infrastructure of the university is not really that good. First, we don’t have our own building of our own college the Institute of Computing. Maybe, in the next three years we will have our own building that would cater the needs of classrooms. That is one of the problem that our college undertake. Having our own building would lead to a better quality education. The next would be our poor IT infrastructure, we have lots of systems that are current available the only problem is that no proper implementation and maintenance. If we only have a good IT infrastructure in our university it will be very useful not only the students but also the university itself. There are already some systems that are available to the university which is the Uniiisys. Let’s take it as an example; Uniisys is an integrated system of 10 subsystems that provide as a tool for the students and the university. Let’s discuss one by one first is the Ebenta which is an online bidding system for the university students to engage in E-Commerce activity promoting their competitiveness and experience in entrepreneurship. The next is the Edikit which is an online publication system which let the students upload and publish their literary works online. The other one is the Upahibalo which is an organizational information system, which handles the information of organizations and its members. The next one is the Iskolar which is a scholarship information system, which manages information and renewal for the university scholars. Then there’s the Shareit which is a file sharing social site which lets students share files for reference and other materials. The other one is the Etudlo which is an information system that lets tutorial service providers and seekers communicate and establish schedules online. Another one is the Escheduler which is an information system that provides services for the faculty to establish both academic and appointment schedules, and also lets them request appointments online. The next one is the Alumnay sa USeP which is an information system handling the university Alumni and creates a hub for their communications. The second to the last is the USeP eMap which is a map of the university where you can view and see where the buildings are located. And lastly the Davao eMap which is a map of davao city where you can view and calculate the shortest path available. So basically, these are systems that are very useful to the university as well as the students in the university. With proper implementation and dissemination of information this will be the starting point of the change that we are looking for which will be useful if properly utilized. We will also go to the computer laboratory of IC. As we all know that we really are poor in laboratory equipments which affect the quality of education. We all know that other schools really have 1 person per PC whereas in our own university average of 2 persons per PC. So in the next three years would see that we will have a better computer laboratory. Better computer laboratory the better the quality of education will be implemented. So I think that is for infrastructure. Now we will precede to the last one which is the Wi-Fi access.

The last but not the least is the Wi-Fi access, as we all know that the university has a Wi-Fi access in its computer laboratory but it’s limited. If it’s not unsecured it’s secured and if it’s unsecured still it’s slow. So three years from now we will have a better Wi-Fi connection which is not secured and has a good connection also. If it’s free it will be very useful to students especially us IC students who generally needs internet connection for information. As we all know that in our course information is very crucial, so in order to perform better in schools and in other aspect Wi-Fi access should be implemented that is free is unsecured.

So basically, these are the changes that I foresee in the next three years.

please visit my blog @ franzcie.blogspot.com afro


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Jan Neil Enanoria Gador

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PostSubject: IT Changes   Fri Feb 12, 2010 2:06 pm

The pace of change in the field of Information Technology is fast and constantly increasing relentlessly. Everyday new knowledge and ideas emerge which bring about new inventions, modification and the like and these things add up to the what now is being considered a very wide area, information technology. There is no denying that information technology is changing and evolving very fast and as a student learning information technology it is expected that I should be updated on all things that are new in the field of information technology. However, due to its rapid evolution it is unlikely hard to maintain awareness. Who knows what’s in for us in for us in next few weeks, months or even days?

In the current scenario in our university the processes and flows of the school are beginning to be automated. The services that are being offered are being shifted from manual to automated systems. In a span of three years all of the manual systems will be changed to automated systems. Automated systems conjure a lot of benefits if perfected or even made near to perfect. It hastens up workloads which usually takes a lot of time especially when there are a lot of clients, or in our case, the students, that needs to be catered. It also makes the work output more efficient and more accurate. In the present scenario one of the systems that have been shifted to automated system is the enrollment of the university. I must say that it has hastened the process of the enrolment. It has also eased the burden or the work of the students during the enrolment. However I must also say that the automation of the enrolment procedure is still not fully automated for some reasons. But I believe that in the near future this process will be fully automated. Let us just hope that all of the incoming system projects of the Institute of Computing students will
be materialized.
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alma cabase

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 3:07 pm

flower The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words) flower

flower Change is very likely to happen nowadays because of a fast changing environment. Even we belong in the 3rd world country we still encounter changes through the help of new technologies introduced to us. Many institutions have change from manual operations to automated one.

I enrolled in University of Southeastern Philippines as one of the lucky students of Bachelor of Science in Information Technology in the year 2005 but I was not able to continue my 2nd year in 2nd semester in the said school. Within that period of time, I was not able to encounter many changes in terms of facilities or even the services offered by the university. But I’m not also expecting much either since it is a state university. Luckily, I was also given a chance to study again after a year. I was a bit surprised because the enrolment system is not the same anymore. It was quite difficult not just for me but also for the other schoolmates because that was the first implementation of the new enrolment system of the university. In terms of acquiring information anything about the university a new website was also introduced for the convenience of anyone. With regards of the facilities, the only change that I noticed was the new units of our laboratory room, at least. I also consider this as a change and also a hindrance when the administration produced a memo forbidding the students and faculties to use the electricity of the university. We cannot deny the fact that they cannot provide enough facilities to the students, yet they are also the ones who are inhibiting us to use ours. And I consider this as one of the hindrances of learning especially in our case. These are some of the many changes in our university for 5 years now. Some are substantial enough, and some are not.

What about the changes for the next three years? Is information technology change good? How can IT help the organization in responding to the challenges of an increasingly complex and uncertain environment? How can IT help the organization achieve the flexible organization structure? Will this change be substantial for everybody or not? Change is the only constant thing in this world. And change is really important especially if the goal will be for the good of everybody or at least, for the good of the majority, the students.

In one of the survey article in The Economist, John Browning (1990) wrote: "Information technology is no longer a business resource; it is the business environment." His statement is not far from truth. Ongoing advances in information technology (IT), alongwith increasing global competition, are adding complexity and uncertainty of several orders of magnitude to the organizational environment. There are also factors to consider in an IT change especially in our case since we are a state university.

As what I have observed, there are many researches regarding information technology that are considerable for the progress of the university. I also think that only few knew that these researches exist. The sad part is they are not implemented and only remain in papers. In recent time, we are doing our documentation for our proposed system concerning the university. And hopefully in the next school year, we will be able to produce an efficient and functional product. And if not at least it will be implemented in three years time. Personally, I am really hoping that one day this will be implemented. I am saying this because being in this field is really not an easy thing. And it will really take time doing a particular system that will only come to a useless end.

For me, one the significant change involving information technology in the next three years is to have more hardware facilities like computers that are capable of handling a multi tasking jobs. These hardware facilities should have a higher standard of specs so that it will give convenience to the users. This may sound expensive but it will be beneficial in the long run. We cannot deny the fact that not all students of the university can afford to have a personal computer and there are some that are only relying in the school facilities and services they offered just like the free access of the internet. And it is quite disturbing that the students have to “paunhunay” or really have to run so that a student can have a unit, a good unit in order to be served first. I am able to relate to this because I was also one of these students before. This change could also help the students to enhance their abilities and skills regarding graphics design, multimedia, or anything that can’t be done with the facilities that we have now because of its limited capabilities. It is also very important to have a good hardware facility because no matter how good and efficient a software product is and there is no appropriate hardware facility it will only result to a failure.

With regards to the software side, it would be extensive to have an id that has a multiple use or an all purpose school id. This id has a barcode or something that can be detected electronically. This will serve as a gate pass and because of this, man power will be lessen. Another thing is for the library, this id will also serve as a login system whenever a student wants to access the internet or borrow a book. This can also be a locator of the owner of the id. For example, if you want to know where a particular student is, you just have to input his name and the locate him. These are just some of the few functions of the all purpose school id that can be a convenient way not just to the students but also with the users.

Conclusion:
IT and New Organizational Structures of Interdependence: Benjamin and Levinson (1993) emphasized that for IT-based change to be effective, technology, business processes, and organization need to be adapted to each other. Comparing the present information revolution with the Industrial Revolution, Malone and Rockart (1993) indicated that the latest changes in IT would lead to the evolution of new technology-intensive organizational structures. They project that the advances in IT would result in dramatic decline in the costs of "coordination" which would lead to new, coordination-intensive business structures. Rockart and Short (1989) suggest that IT would enable the firms to respond to the "new and pressing competitive forces" by providing for "effective management of interdependence." Interorganizational relations that are based upon trust and conditions of unstructured authority (Litwak and Hylton, 1962) would be created using newer types of coordination mechanisms. Malone and Crowston (1991) believe that in light of these new possibilities there is need to reassess our current theories of organizations, of markets, and of management.

I merely agree about the statement above from BRINT Institute's Book on Knowledge Management because it clearly stated that in order to attain an Information Technology change the first one that should adapt and accept the change is the organization itself. It has to adapt the changes that the environment has. It has to consider the cost of the possible change. And must also consider the cause and effect of a particular change if it these changes likely to have substantial impact in our university services in the years to come. flower


Reference:

http://www.brint.com/papers/change/conclusions.htm
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Stihl Lhyn Samonte

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PostSubject: Assignment 9   Fri Feb 12, 2010 8:57 pm

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years.

1. Library Book Borrowing System

In this system, the student of the university could be easily used the library by using a new system, the students would be borrowed the book in easy way, unlike in the manual system it takes a long time. The system to build is an automated library book borrowing system that is to be used in the departmental libraries of a particular university. The goal is to relieve the librarians from processing book loans.

The system does not require users to identify themselves to search for books according to certain criteria and to check the availability of a particular book. However to check-out books, to check their respective book loan status, and to place holds on books that are already on loan, users must first identify themselves to the system.

2. Highly Developed Enrollment System

The enrollment system was proposed in replacement of the manual enrollment system of the institution for it to have an organized flow of transaction and an ease of work especially to the administrators. Although our enrollment system is improved but there are some cases that the system will also failure, not totally perfect. But using highly developed system more capabilities and more students and users would be satisfied the new system. It could help a lot to the people who used the system.

3. Improved Computer Laboratories and Facilities

As we observed, our facilities and computer laboratories was not improved, though in this generation lots of new technology offered but suddenly our university wasn’t this technology. Also, our facilities are lacking, some students experienced this cases especially in our university. But improving our facilities and laboratories help our students to enhance their talents and capabilities in learning.


Reference:
http://lgl.epfl.ch/research/fondue/case-studies/lbb/problem-description.html


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Jezreel Jyl P. Hilado

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 9:17 pm

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words)


Information Technology undergoes fast transition of changes. I guess I should say that we are facing information evolution. Hi-tech gadgets and incomparable devices are being developed through the use of Information Technology. There has been tremendous change in the way people live, work and play over the past three decades.The rapid pace at which IT is changing means five to ten years from now
lifestyles will be a lot different from what they are today. Information Technology had brought such huge impact to everyone\'s life, to the society, education, communication, business and whole lot more.

How Technology Effects Education

The best method for improving educational standards is to utilize every tool available, including state-of-the-art technology. Computers and the Internet have expanded the way in which information can be delivered to the students of today. Today\'s networking technologies provide a valuable opportunity to practice new learning techniques.

Educators are discovering that computers are facilitating learning. Computer based communications, or Telecommunications, can offer many educational opportunities; therefore, educators will need to adapt current teaching methods to incorporate this new media into the classroom.

Computers have made a fundamental impact in most industries, providing a competitive advantage that has come to be essential to many businesses. Therefore, schools must also use technology to improve the educational process. School systems often consider purchasing a computer network,
and justify its purchase by applying it to routine administrative tasks, such as attendance records and grading. While these tasks are very important, they only show a small part of what technology can do for a school.

Technology must go further than simply keeping attendance; it must focus on keeping students interested and productive.

Since computers and the Internet have expanded in such a way in which education can be delivered to students, it is currently possible to engage in \"distance education through the Internet. Distance education...

Now we will hit to the main topic. Its to discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on our university services in the next three years. For the next three years i pictured the university services having its one of a kind, incomparable and very useful systems. First on my list is the automated processing of the students enrollment. I know its sounds a bit odd but i guess it may be possible to implement this kind of system. Students may be able to process their enrollment online or they could process it in school but with no hassle and there\'s no need for them to fall in line. with just one click of the staff or officer in charge, students may be able to enroll immediately. Second on my list is to be able to have an improved and developed system that could make the teachings of the faculty easier and accessible by the students. This system disseminates information and lessons to the students online. Having this system can give both sides comfortableness. Since they can access it anytime anywhere. third on my list is an RFID or Radio-frequency identificationas the student\'s new ID. It is the use of an object (typically referred to as an RFID tag) applied to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification and tracking using radio waves. Some tags can be read from several meters away and beyond the line of sight of the reader.



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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio-frequency_identification



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carla comoda

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PostSubject: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Fri Feb 12, 2010 10:41 pm

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words)

It's hard to believe in advances that are poised to change the world when everyone's just trying to survive. But these tireless innovators are developing technologies that are making the future worth looking forward to again. After the Internet bubble burst, people stopped thinking about the transforming powers of technology. And technology companies were forced to stop crowing about how they were set to change the world. Instead, they ate crow -- and concentrated on staying alive.But technology didn't stop evolving and maturing, no matter what the Nasdaq did. Imaginative researchers and engineers, by their nature, aren't very good at throttling back to a conservative idle. Day by day, we see new technologies springing up, taking shape and literally transforming our entire world. Discoveries are made on a daily basis in all areas of Technology. Our passion is to share these new developments with you. Technology is such an integral part of our lives these days that it is not only much of the time taken for granted, but often it seems we can't even keep up with the latest advances and developments. We regularly feature stories on the latest technologies, and we do so with the viewpont that a single breakthrough in some area of technology may have an impact on our lives in a totally different dimension.Because technology is becoming more 'inter-twined', one area often affects another. On our site, we try to give you a glimpse of how various technologies are developing and impacting our lives


Assuming that I have my my own crystal ball, I assume that three (3) years from now the University would likely develop and will have so much changes involving information technology. therefore, it would give more impact to the school services offered by the University.

 Wireless fidelity (WI-Fi)
- A communication technology that uses the 'Direct-sequence spread spectrum radio technology' and the 'Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing radio technology', Wi-Fi is the trademark used by a trade group known as Wi-fi Alliance. The essence of the Wi-Fi technology is that, it acts as a bridge between wireless devices that operate on different technologies. So what does Wi-Fi stand for? The term Wi-Fi is used for wireless fidelity. Although the word, Wi-Fi is used as a substitute for 'wireless LAN', every single LAN (Local Area Network) is not necessarily certified by the Wi-Fi Alliance.
How Does Wi-Fi Work
Radio waves are used for the working of Wi-Fi technology. The wireless adapter of the computer and the wireless router play an important role in its working. The adapter receives data from the computer in digital form. This data, after its conversion in radio waves is sent to the router by means of an antenna. The router decodes the signal and sends it to the Internet. The process is reversed when information is sent from the Internet to a computer.

The difference between the radio waves sent by Wi-Fi and those sent by walkie-talkies and cell phones is that Wi-Fi uses high frequency waves of 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz. The Wi-Fi technology operates on the platform of IEEE 802.11 networking standards. Implemented by the IEEE LAN/MAN Standard Committee, the 802.11 networking standards have different forms such as 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n.
 Library Integrated Systems
- An integrated library system (ILS), also known as a library management system (LMS),[1][2] is an enterprise resource planning system for a library, used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed.
An ILS usually comprises a relational database, software to interact with that database, and two graphical user interfaces (one for patrons, one for staff). Most ILSes separate software functions into discrete programs called modules, each of them integrated with a unified interface. Examples of modules might include:
- acquisitions (ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials)
- cataloging (classifying and indexing materials)
- circulation (lending materials to patrons and receiving them back)
- serials (tracking magazine and newspaper holdings)
- the OPAC (public interface for users)
 Online Examination Systems and internet based online examination .
- The first step in stream-lining the examination system is to computerise everything. The examinations are defined as computer files (ideally in some standardised format). The examinations are taken by the students with each student on one computer. The answers entered by the student are then retained on the computer, later processed by computer, and finally distributed by computer.
 RFID (New Student’s ID)

- RFID or Radio Frequency Identification is currently being used around the world. Philippines tried to implement a system with Radio Frequency Identification as their tool but unfortunately it’s implementation is being suspended (As Far As I know ) because some motorist in our country are complaining on the extra cost of installing a RFID on their vehicle and some people are concerned of privacy issues. RFID works like an identification card where every RFID is distinct and unique from each other. A gadget is pointed towards the RFID sticker and then data would be retrieved from the said RFID stickers. This is a big help to the authorities as they can know the driver of the vehicle even though they are far away from the field.

So how does this technology be useful to our school? It is simple. Give RFID cards to students instead of the normal plastic cards. This may sound useless but think of the relief that it could give to the authorities of the school. The security of the school would be improved if this technology would be utilized by the university. How could I say that the security may improve? Imagine a gadget similar to a close circuit television camera that could read RFID would be installed on the gate for example and a live feed of the entrance of the gate is being displayed on the guards monitor. If you have an RFID card clipped on your uniform, a mark would be put onto you by the system saying that you are a student of the university and people without marks could be easily identified as outsiders. Breach of security on the university would be minimized. Another possible use of this technology is could be a database of information for a specific student. Flashing your card to a gadget would easily retrieve your unique information and perform processes that a system may provide. For example, instead of lining up on the student’s account section of the finance division and asking how much your balance is but instead you may just flash your card on the gadget and after that a slip would be printed with all your liabilities to the school. This process could really hasten the process as you don’t have to wait for the personnel to check, compute and write your liabilities. (This could take up time especially if there is a long queue).

I foresee that processes around the school would be hastened with the help of RFID. It may replace all Identification Card being used inside the school such as our school identification card, library card, scholarship card and other cards that are being used inside the university. RFID cards are useful because it could serve as your walking database of school information.


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Reference:
http://bigdatamatters.com/bigdatamatters/2009/10/need-for-infrastructure-change.html
http://www.new-technology-world.com/newtechnology/2co-subscribe-1.htm?gclid=CN-bnsvcwKACFcFR6wodXDSX7g
http://www.1729.com/blog/InternetBasedExamSystem.html Razz Razz


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brian c. namuag

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PostSubject: Assignment #9   Fri Feb 12, 2010 11:14 pm




In our world today, people have put reading, and books, behind them. They have lost focus on an extremely important learning method. Reading not only helps us to learn vital information, but it also allows us to use our imagination. Most of us look at computers and new technology as the latest way to spend our down time and relax. We are becoming lazy. Our whole lives have become encompassed by the world of quicker, more advanced technology. In today's world, technology is constantly changing from a new paperclip to an improvement in hospital machinery. Technology lets people improve the way they live so that they can preserve their own personal energy and focus on the really important factors in life. Some people focus their energy on making new innovations to improve transportation and the health of people that may save lives. Technology is significant in everyone's life because it rapidly changes what is in the market. But, some new innovations of technology are ridiculous because they serve no purpose in helping mankind.

Technology affects every aspect of our lives. From romance to business, it has shown its presence everywhere. But technology has had a huge impact on education that cannot be denied, and has done nothing but improve the quality and quantity of education. It is conform that we as aiming the premiere university in the Asian region should poses the facilities with highly recommended technologies, since the University of Southeastern Philippines luck of the necessary “high-tech” machineries or software that enables every work easy to make.

One of the more demanding challenges of the University is educational selection of the right combination of technology for multiple educational objectives. Every place is different. Every student has his or her individual needs and interests. Various curricula require different technological approaches. We still think that the only way to educate is to put an adult in a room with 20 or 30 students, but with educational technology a great deal can be done with machines, particularly in higher education, where students have already learned the initial, fundamental intellectual skills. For example, how do people learn? By action they themselves perform, sometimes by thinking, sometimes by practicing, often by a combination of both thinking and motor coordination. In most cases, teachers cannot perform those actions for students; students must teach themselves, and teachers can only stand by to offer assistance

Educational technologies are being utilized in every facet of school education. Increasingly, teachers are asking students to access information from technological sources. Methods of instruction must change in order to keep up with the ever-changing world and we, as teachers must cease the technological movement. There are many factors and activities that can help teachers develop an attitude that is intrepid in the use of technology, encourages them to take risks, and inspires them to involve technology in the classroom environment. In the technological society of today, is it possible that the integration of computers will change the traditional methods of the classroom?

The use of technology in USEP has a great effect on not only students, but teachers as well. Today, we mostly think of technology as computers, but it is much more than that. In fact, one of the first technologies used in the classroom was the chalkboard.

Most students today use technology throughout their school day. Uses for technology can be found for every subject matter a student has. Some of the most widely used tools are found in the English and Language Arts classes. Writing on word processors allows students to cut-and-paste, save their work, and use spell checkers and thesauruses. With technology students are also given advantages in learning how to read. Reading programs use drill-and-practice techniques to help with reinforcing young students’ reading skills.

Technology is also used in science education. Scientific hardware such as handheld computers, thermometers, and sensors allow for out of class experimentation

The flow of every transaction in the University should be automated in accordance to the demand of time and work, this would help not only to in the field of work but also in maintaining the data of every individuals. The school should provide a WIFI Zone to easily access the World Wide Web which we all know that the basic of learning’s of research today is found through surfing the net. This would guarantee a massive help to every faculty and students in getting information’s on their reports as timely as they want, provided with the WIFI area.

This and many things should consider in making such steps in improving the quality of education in the University with the help of highly technologies.



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creza_jill_bulacito

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PostSubject: Assigment 9(MIS2)   Sat Feb 13, 2010 12:16 am

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words)

Information technology changes rapidly as we all know. From time to time technology upgrades. We can’t even notice the fast changes of the technology nowadays. In response, many organizations create a formal group of IT professionals to evaluate emerging IT so they can better cope with its change. A survey based on structured interviews was mailed to a nationwide sample of 1,000 IT organizations. Two hundred forty-six respondents provided data to identify categories of coping mechanisms to handle changing IT. Five categories emerged: Education and Training, Internal Procedures, Vendor Support, Consultant Support, and Endurance. Organizations apply Education and Training more extensively than the others. Thus the research contributes to understanding the means by which organizations cope with rapid IT change. The research also found that organizations with a group dedicated to investigating emerging IT cope more extensively, but not more successfully, than do those without one. Thus the research contributes not only by providing an understanding of how organizations cope with rapid IT change, but also by suggesting the need to achieve more from the group charged with emerging IT. The pervasive influence of information technology (IT) in the computing age cannot be overstated. Since the 90s, IT has brought about a revolution at the workplace. The recent development and fast-paced adoption of Internet communication and Web-based technologies and applications has enhanced the potential of IT. IT and computer systems deployed strategically can impact the operational aspects and productivity parameters of a business. IT and attendant technologies and tools can be used to automate key business operations, functions and activities of a business. Businesses can invest in desktop computers, workstations, laptops, minicomputers, notebook computers and high-end servers for a host of organizational tasks and functions. Market-available software, computing applications, networking and other IT productivity tools installed in computers and computer systems can help professionals, workers and staff in a business to streamline work processes and execute tasks and functions faster in order to achieve organizational-defined goals and targets. Internet communication and telecommunication technologies and IT software systems can enable workers to work, interact and share information across locations and geographical boundaries. With the help of IT, businesses with multi location offices and manufacturing facilities in different geographical zones can help staff members and employees to collaborate and work simultaneously on projects. Use of proprietary collaborative software and workgroup support systems can foster greater collaboration, streamline workflow management and encourage proactive human interactions. Information Management Businesses generate vast reserves of data and information on a daily basis. Investing and deploying IT software systems such as enterprise resource planning solutions, management information system, data-processing data centers and related information management technologies can help businesses to manage, leverage and optimize terabytes of data. Information processing, classification and management is the key to operational efficiency and decision making for workers, professionals and top executives in an organization. Investment in large-scale IT systems, networks and technologies calls for budgeting and allocation of resources. Businesses need to account for long-term planning, evaluation and deployment of relevant strategic-fit IT solutions to address business growth, manpower needs and ambitious expansion plans. Used strategically, IT systems can boost employee productivity and impact the bottom line of businesses.

There are a lot of factors that affects the changes on information technology. Almost everything is affected with these changes especially on academic parties or universities so that they can compete with the other schools which offer high technology school services. Of course, in the future the university will always secure the needs of the students. After several years the university will improve there services for the student. Such as internet access, the university will provide faster internet access and communications. Although Internet connectivity to the shop floor offers major benefits such as remote monitoring and management -- not to mention convenience -- users are apparently more concerned about increased security vulnerabilities and reliability for mission-critical applications. Sounds a bit like the “long live the mainframe” argument all over again: the mainframe’s paid for, it’s been running flawlessly for 30 years, it takes very few people to run -- why would you ever migrate off it such as web applications. Maybe, they will also add some new devices or computer laboratory for additional reference for the students of the university. Also, they should widen there WIFI connection in all location. I also foresee that the enrollment system will be improved and organized. The enrollment system can be access online. Lastly, the university will implement an ID scanner so that it would easily identify each student and its security purposes. If this will be implemented the school will no longer having problems regarding with the usage of the students on the equipments inside the university. With a ID scanner it can be use as a pass key on an entrance or a as a library card for borrowing books. This process has been implemented on other schools it will be much better if our own university will implement these kind of system. All of this can bring a improvement to our university.

References:

http://www.ehow.com/about_5369689_can-information-technology-change-business.html





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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Sat Feb 13, 2010 11:02 am

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years.

I have spent four years or should I say most of my college days here in the university. Changes seen on the environment I am on are very limited for resources are also very minimal. As a student, it is very visible that the impact of technology as a part of my learning activity is helpful for incorporating technology to educational programs can create new opportunities for the enhancement of every student's learning. Technology is an excellent tool for teaching the Core Curriculum Content Standards. With the tools of technology, students can dramatically raise knowledge levels, learn problem-solving techniques, develop the skills required to manage massive amounts of information, analyze concepts from several different perspectives, and develop the hard-to-quantify higher-order analytic and critical thinking skills that are required in the global marketplace. Technology alone does not change student learning, but it can be used to support a vision of reform that already exists if that vision is shared by teachers and supported by organizational conditions. To be successful, a major technology implementation effort should provide adequate training for teachers, ongoing support, strong leadership, and a sustained effort.

Three years from now, USEP would probably have:


- WIRELESS FIDELITY spot on all areas/colleges
USEP is not the only school in the Philippines who has a wifi nowadays. But, I think, USEP is one of those schools who do not allow students to freely access this wireless Internet connection. As part of fast pacing technology, and as a techie student, I think it is one of our privilege to have an access on it even just on a particular area. But then sad to say, it is not available as of now. But probably, three years from now, and hopefully I am an alumni already, wifi connections are available especially on those techie students for Internet connection is one of our way of living.


- active UNIISYS
UNIISYS as our patriotic school project, can be one of the famous changes in the university. If ever implemented and successful, UNIISYS can contribute much to the students and faculty of USEP. From manual systems to stand alone to automated, and hopefully, the UNIISYS which then provides variety of solutions to all the residents of the university, from its students, to the faculty, to the student organizations, to the different colleges, and to all offices.


- ONLINE SYSTEMS and PROCESSES
In connection with the UNIISYS, three years from now, all of the offices and processes of the university will be held online. All of those impossible systems that we currently think of today maybe very possible three years later. We can never tell. Processes that I predicted would go online are Online Advising (done during enrollment), Online USEPAT exam, Online Voting available on all school organizations, Online Clearance, Online reservations for all school activities, and the like. Some of the processes I have mentioned maybe possible today but I think will be much improved as of according to my crystal ball.

Hopefully, by the aid of technology, every learning process in the university would be a lot easier and available. Though I am not certain if what I have mentioned above will be implemented, but to keep track of today's advancement, the university must learn to embrace, accept, and support the changes that its techie students are tying to implement.
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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Sat Feb 13, 2010 11:07 am

We are now facing a time of Information evolution. The rate and magnitude of the rapidly changes technology has given the world had greatly affect the social, economical and environmental aspect in human's life. Information Technology is one factor that brought a great impact to everybody especially in today's generation. IT may be considered as comprising of five basic components - computers, communications technology, work stations, robotics, and computer chips. The increasing global interdependencies and the accelerating pace of change demand more flexible and adaptive organizations. Thus, these emerging innovations have made a lot of organizations to evaluate their business processes that could easily adopt and better cope with these changes.

One example of these organizations is the University of Southeastern Philippines. Institute of Computing is the major department in the University which utilizes resources that contributes on the organization’s application of Information Technology.


As of the moment, I could say that the University of Southeastern Philippines with the aid of Institute of Computing is being competent in terms of Information Technology Services. Computer laboratories with internet connection are being used for the students. Automated system like the Student Record Management Information System and many more are being produced to ease and provide more efficient and accurate information to the people in the University.

But, honestly I could not say that this is enough for the University to adopt with the fast paced changing in our technology.

Using my own crystal ball, I assume that three (3) years from now the University would likely improve and will have so much changes involving information technology. Thus, this would give more impact to the school services offered by the University.

WI-FI – a wireless fidelity for the whole university so that the web-based applications that are being produced could be used by the majority of the people. I observed that our school is not yet adopting a Uni-wide wi-fi for the internet users since there are exemptions and limitations for this service. Thus, more web-based applications will be created for the University. This could also bring easy access to the World Wide Web (WWW) which is an aid for acquiring and sharing information across the University. This would give a great impact for the whole population of the University because it could give a great help indeed.


Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) – this kind of technology is likely to be implemented by the Land Transportation Office (LTO) to easily track the plate numbers the vehicles. In relation to the University, RFID technology would aid the security guards in identifying and monitoring the students entering the University. This would work when a student would enter the University with an Identification Card consisting of a bar code. The sensor of the RFID would directly detect the certain student the moment he reaches the portal of the University. He would be easily supervised if he really comes to classes regularly. Because with the RFID technology, any person having the bar code is being checked provided that he is in the vicinity of the school. There would be also a mobile application that is incorporated in the RFID which sends text messages to the parents, when they would subscribe so that even if they are not with them during classes, they can still keep an eye with their children. I know that this is quite expensive technology. But, I guess if this would be well implemented, a lot of people would support this for it can bring more security especially for the students. And I think a lot would be interested in applying in the University of Southeastern Philippines.


Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) – we all know that there is a virtual learning environment that have been used by some of the faculty to facilitate learning towards there student. The point is that progressive ideas for dramatically changing the nature of teaching consistently fail because they don’t win a loyal constituency where the need to – in the classrooms. Well, this is one thing that could really encourage learning compare to one on one meeting. But I’m not implying that the traditional teaching is not effective for learning. Is just that some students are being shy and doesn’t participate with classroom activities. With the virtual learning environment, a lot of students will be more active in nurturing their knowledge. I believe that technology implementation provides a safe context for teachers to become learners again and to share their ideas about curriculum and method. Authentic challenging tasks are best supported with flexible technology applications rather than with canned instructional programs. Bringing technology to education is a slow, but steady revolution. That’s why changes come to life to improve several services that ensure quality education to the students.


I’m not really sure that these changes would be implemented well, but surely if yes almost all of the people would benefit and will have a great impact to the university services. Especially for the sake of the students where quality education should be produce among them in order to be globally competive graduates.

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shane sacramento

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Sat Feb 13, 2010 1:13 pm

Information Technology is fast changing, from doing everything manually. Now, almost everything is done through hardwares, software or simply called technology. changes in technology can bring huge impact of people's everyday life. And so, we have been tasked to develop an information system that can help the University to improve its performance.

Technological change (TC) is a term that is used to describe the overall process of invention, innovation and diffusion of technology or processes. The term is redundant with technological development, technological achievement, and technological progress. In essence TC is the invention of a technology (or a process), the continuous process of improving a technology (in which it often becomes cheaper) and its diffusion throughout industry or society. It its earlier days, technological change was illustrated with the 'Linear Model of Innovation', which has now been largely discarded to be replaced with a model of technological change that involves innovation at all stages of research, development, diffusion and use.

There 3 stages of technological change, these are the following:

Invention

It is a term used for creating something new.

Innovation
Innovation is a new way of doing something or "new stuff that is made useful". It may refer to incremental and emergent or radical and revolutionary changes in thinking, products, processes, or organizations. Following Schumpeter (1934), contributors to the scholarly literature on innovation typically distinguish between invention, an idea made manifest, and innovation, ideas applied successfully in practice. In many fields, such as the arts, economics and government policy, something new must be substantially different to be innovative. In economics the change must increase value, customer value, or producer value. The goal of innovation is positive change, to make someone or something better. Innovation leading to increased productivity is the fundamental source of increasing wealth in an economy.

Innovation is an important topic in the study of economics, business, design, technology, sociology, and engineering. Colloquially, the word "innovation" is often synonymous with the output of the process. However, economists tend to focus on the process itself, from the origination of an idea to its transformation into something useful, to its implementation; and on the system within which the process of innovation unfolds. Since innovation is also considered a major driver of the economy, especially when it leads to new product categories or increasing productivity, the factors that lead to innovation are also considered to be critical to policy makers. In particular, followers of innovation economics stress using public policy to spur innovation and growth.

Diffusion

The spread of a technology through a society or industry. The diffusion of a technology generally follows an S-shaped curve as early versions of technology are rather unsuccessful, followed by a period of successful innovation with high levels of adoption, and finally a dropping off in adoption as a technology reaches its maximum potential in a market. In the case of a personal computer, it has made way beyond homes and into business settings, such as office workstations and server machines to host websites.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Innovation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technological_change.

The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words)

There are many projects that I'm looking forward to be implemented. Three of them are:

The Auto-scheduler

This system involves scheduling of respective subjects of both teachers and students. This system can bring a huge impact when it comes to the problem of having to put every subject in its right time and also the classroom used. There have been many situations in which students tend to give up one or more of their subjects due to scheduling error or simply changes of schedule when classes have already started, thus, this system can bring ease for both students and the teachers.

The Automated Borrowing System

This system involves books that are being borrowed from he school library. The problem to be addressed is the risk of wasting time looking for the book you need, when in fact it is currently unavailable, because another student is using it or have borrowed it. Thus, this system will reduce time cost for looking all over the whole library just to find the books you need.
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Ida Karla Duguran

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PostSubject: Re: Assignment 9 (Due: February 12, 2010, before 01:00pm)   Sat Feb 13, 2010 4:24 pm

The task to develop an essay about a certain situation always makes my dendrites grow…Now if this happens, does this imply change? Change in my internal faculty? A mental growth or exercise? Or a change in my routine? Well, whatever it may be, I know for sure that this is a part of me. Whatever I thought is what I will become. A Change happens. Now what is my issue? What is my cause? What will I write? As assigned, the topic is written below.

“The pace of change seems to increase relentlessly, especially changes involving information technology. Using your crystal ball, identify and discuss three changes likely to have substantial impact on your school services in the next three years. (1500 words).. “

Change..change..change..development..progress..what more? Very much related…words that speak volume. Wherever one goes and whatever one does, the word CHANGE is like a shadow that always comes along. But how is change identified? Is it if the result is positive or negative? Good or bad? Where is it going? Does it cause an effect? Absolutely! But what causes the change? Ahhh…numerous causes..various reasons..many factors. Changes happen anywhere and everywhere.

Trying to look at my crystal ball, I can see that one main change that has been affecting our life, for the past 20 years or so, that has impacted all phases of our life, is the advent of the computers. We are at the point of breaking the nano second in processing data and this event will have no precedence as to how our world will be. Schools already use the computers to substitute regular teachers and make it easier for students to receive education, receive and transmit their assignments. Because computers at the present moment are limited in their capacity, with the advent of powerful servers and computers, more students will be able to search and receive better transmissions. I can visualize many classrooms being served by one professor with the new systems. More and better information will be available to all students and best of all, quicker processing.

As I looked at my crystal ball again, I happened to find a statement of Luther S. Williams, Assistant Director Directorate for Education and Human Resources in United States of America . According to him, “The National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR) is responsible for providing national leadership and support for improving the quality and accessibility of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SME&T) education, kindergarten through graduate school. In a nation – indeed a global economy – increasingly based on information as its common currency, the provision of appropriate information technology in addition to well prepared teachers, instructors and facilitators of such powerful tools, must become a vital part of the entire educational continuum as we step into the next century.

In order to be effective, the use of technology in education must involve not only the provision of equipment such as computer hardware and software, but also the human aspects of essential content, engaging presentation, effective pedagogy, appropriate evaluation, and widespread dissemination. Communication and computing provide dynamic tools, placing nearly continuous demands on financial reserves and human resources as equipment and professional training are revised and upgraded. The NSF-hosted workshop presented in these proceedings addressed these and other issues in order to define unique perspectives, concerns, and desirable benefits of educational technology to a broad spectrum of constituents. The notion of widespread, uniform access to information technology is not a trivial problem. As more adults, paraprofessionals, and part-time students utilize the classroom or laboratory to seek skills in the use of generic or specialized technology, we see that the traditional purviews of academe now extend deep into the entire community. Regardless of the rapidity or direction of change offered by exciting and revolutionary new technologies, the true challenge for developing guiding principles for their appropriate implementation lies in the inclusion of all students at all types of academic institutions, with secure and tangible links to the public and private sectors. Again, while access for all, coherence in underlying infrastructure, and compliance between the skills taught in school and those necessary in the workplace are fundamental to this discussion, it is the collective effort of our human capital that will ensure these powerful tools do not instead widen the gulf between the haves and the have-nots. As this vast endeavor is begun, the cross-divisional and multidisciplinary activities will encourage projects that create effective learning environments with the broadest possible access to them.” This I find as an inspiration for this institution to at least conceive an act or a program like this.

The third change that I found in my crystal ball is a very vital information that could possibly give an idea or insights to this institution about the K-Web by Patrick McKercher, Judy Bonne and Andy Rogers.

The Knowledge Web (K-Web) is an interactive tool for understanding and inspiring the creation of ideas, and for vividly demonstrating how our world is a direct result of ideas and events of the past. Students can trace the profound influence not only of Aristotle's logic, but also see how perspective in painting literally changed the way we see the world, or how the invention of the car would not have been possible without the perfume bottle. By flying through its unique 3D nested globes, which combine space and time into a single intuitive construct, users can explore how seemingly unrelated people, places and disciplines interrelate in unexpected and unpredictable ways to produce our world.

The Knowledge Web vividly demonstrates that all subjects are connected, and offers an innovative, accessible yet compelling and powerful tool for their exploration. Moreover, it graphically shows that the present is the outgrowth of the past, and helps us anticipate the future.
The K-Web is informed by Constructivist methodology, and thus the ability of students to create material, not just passively consume it, is key. It is what one of the project advisors Doug Engelbart (best known for creating the computer mouse and a pioneer of virtual collaborative organizations) calls a Dynamic Knowledge Repository. Not only will its database be able to connect to the Library of Congress and other digital collections, but students will be able to contribute content. In this ever-growing omnipedia or library, the user can get the kind of information she wants in the way she wants it (text, video, simulations and immersive virtual reality.) Moreover, the user can see how ideas of a given text evolved (or even mutated) through time, how they were situated in varying contexts, and their effects on our lives today.

But the Knowledge Web goes beyond interactivity to immersion. Selected people and places will be recreated in virtual reality; thus students could visit DaVinci's studio, chat with him, read his notebooks, and solve a problem with him and other students in real time using his materials or apparatus. It might seem that educational virtual reality (edVR) is too difficult and expensive, but the opposite is true. The software is free, and some software like Activeworlds makes creation of such environments so simple that middle school students make them. Some artificial intelligence programs are so easy that the only skill required to teach a character to interact with a user is typing. Students can create learning environments for other students, and teachers will be able to pool assignments they've created based on the K-Web in a searchable database articulated to standards and frameworks.
EdVR allows role-playing and simulations, which enables rich exploration of complex situations. Such role-playing brings us back to the original meaning of e-ducation, to draw out: students can engage passionately but safely.

I am excited by the potential of VR for a number of other reasons (see: http://cyburkespace.net/content/origins.htm), but briefly it lends itself to constructivism by its very nature. Often students too shy to participate in class or who do not shine in the rather narrow range of behavior we call being a good student will do so in virtual spaces. When students see VR, they want to master it, which requires all sorts of mathematical, artistic and even diplomatic skills. They either have to acquire these skills or deal with those who have them.

An important aspect of the Knowledge Web is that it involves students and teachers as participatory designers. Learn by best by doing together and are "hard-wired" to play, to build and to work cooperatively. Students build learning experiences that require many and high level thinking skills, precisely those needed in the twenty-first century. This is further explored below.

The introduction of the desktop computer has simultaneously challenged and invigorated the institution we know as school. The technology and information age launched a whole new vocabulary and concept of teaching. The days of teachers as purveyors of knowledge were made increasingly irrelevant. The new questions are:
• "How is learning organized in the classroom?"
• "What is the role of the teacher?"
• "How to teach students to access, evaluate, and synthesize the volume of information they encounter?"

Schools have been slow to adapt to the information age for a number of reasons. Lack of technology, infrastructure, learning needs of the teachers, and poor quality materials are a start on a lengthy list of barriers. So there is a need to prepare learners to live in a complex, high tech, and fast-changing world. That requires that schools be responsive, fluid and adaptive to emerging needs and opportunities.

In this endeavor the Knowledge Web is pivotal; a dynamic learning resource converges with equally dynamic approaches to teaching and learning.



References:

Brooks, J. & Brooks, M. (1999). In Search of Understanding; The Case for Constructivist Classrooms. Virginia: ASCD.
Gardner, H. (1991). The Disciplined Mind. New York: Simon & Schuster.
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